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(Satan) did not surrender on various pretexts and
stood still. The Holy Qur'an says:
"And when We said to the angels: Make
obeisance to Adam, they did obeisance, not so
Iblis, he refused and was haughty and he was
of the rejecters."
(2:34)
Challenge oflblis: Iblis disobeyed The Almighty
and became defiant. He arrogantly refused to
accept the authority of a creature who was made
of rubbish. Thlis thought himself superior to
human being. As a result, The Almighty
expelled Satan from the Garden of Bliss and
deprived him of all Divine favors. Satan
requested The Almighty to allow him to exist
until the Day of Judgment. I would bring most
of the descendants of Adam under my sway.
I
would lead them astray from the Right Path.
Allah gave him respite. The conversation
between God and Iblis has been narrated in the
Holy Qur'an as follows:
"Thlis said: Give me respite till the
Resurrection Day. The Almighty said:
Be
you
among those who are give respite. He said:
Because You have thrown me out of the way,
I will certainly lie in wait for them on Your
Straight Path. Then I will assault them from
before them and behind them, from their
right and from their left, nor will You find
most of them grateful." (7:14-18)
Devil is, in fact, an evil spirit which tempts the
man to indulge in sins.
It
invites the heart to do
bad deeds and disobey The Almighty. It tries to
weaken our sense of morality but if we are
spiritually too strong to yield to its temptations,
we become immune from all sins. Those who
follow the Commandments of The Almighty,
invite God's grace to protect them. On the other
hand those who deliberately follow the wrong
way, are responsible because they put themsel
yes
into the hands of Evil Spirit.
Hawwa Created: In order to remove the
lonesomeness of Adam, a female mate named
Hawwa (Eve) was created. The Prophet Adam
(A.S.) and his wife Hawwa were given a place
The Islamic Bulletin
in
the Garden (of Bliss) to reside. The Holy
Qur'an affirms:
"And 0' Adam! Dwell you and your wife in
the Garden (of Bliss) and eat therefrom
wherever you will approach not this tree lest
you should be among the wrong-doers."
(7:20)
Trial of Prophet Adam: The Prophet Adam
(A.S.) and his wife Eve continued enjoying each
others company and carefully avoiding that
specific prohibited tree. Iblis became very
jealous when he saw the favors of The Almighty
on the Prophet Adam (A.S.) and began to devise
ways and means to humiliate them. He kept on
making evil suggestions to the couple
in
a sneaky
way. He tried to persuade them to approach the
prohibited tree. One day the IbUs sympathetically
said to them:
"Your Lord has only forbidden you this tree
lest you should become angels or immortals,
and he swore to them saying: Surely, I am a
sincere counsellor unto you.
So
he beguiled
them by deceit."
(7:22)
On healing this both Prophet Adam (A.S.) and
Eve became curious. They started wondering as
to why The Almighty did not want them to
approach the specific tree. This temptation
gradually became stronger but The Almighty
guided them aright and warned them not to be
taken in by the evil suggestions of Iblis. The
Holy Qur'an says:
"Then We said: 0' Adam! Verily, this
Iblis
is an enemy to you and your wife, so let him
not get you both out of the Garden so that you
are landed in misery."
(20:117)
The Prophet Adam (A.S.) and his wife used to
live happily
in
the Garden of Bliss. They were
endowed with the knowledge to discriminate
between good and evil. They were also warned
of the power of evil. They overpowered all sorts
of evil temptations at first and tried hard to ward
off the influence of Satan. But he made
numerous attempts to misguide them off and on.
10
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February 1991 / Shaban 1411