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Teachings of the Prophet (S.A.W.)

On Eating and Drinking

From Salman (raa): The Almighty's Messenger (pbuh) said: "The blessing of food is (received by) washing (the hands) before and washing (the hands) after (taking) it." (Tirmidhi)

Aisha (ra) said that The Almighty's Messenger (pbuh) said: "When anyone of you eats, he should invoke the name of Almighty, The Exalted. If he forgets to invoke the name of The Almighty, at the beginning, he should say (when he does remember): "In the name of The Almighty, in its beginning and its and end." (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi)

Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (raa) said that The Almighty's Messenger (pbuh), when he finished his meal, used to say: "Praise be to The Almighty, who gave us to eat and to drink and made us Muslims." (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi)

Umar Abu bin Salama (raa) said: "I was under the care of The Almighty's Messenger (pbuh) and my hand used to pick at random in the dish, so The Almighty's Messenger said to me: 'Invoke the name of The Almighty and eat with your right (hand) and eat what is near you.'" (Bukhari, Muslim)

From Abu Huraira (raa): "The Almighty's Messenger (pbuh) never found fault with food. If he liked something, he ate it, but if he disliked it, he (just) abstained from it. (Bukhari, Muslim)

From ba Ka'b bin Malik, from his father: "The Almighty's Messenger (pbuh) used to eat with three fingers, and he licked his hand before he wiped it." (Muslim)

From Anas (raa): "When The Almighty's Messenger (pbuh) ate food, he used to lick his three fingers and he said: 'When one of you drops a morsel, he should remove the dirt from it and eat it, and should not leave it for the Satan.' And he ordered us to wipe the bowl. He said: 'You do not know in which (part) of your food is the 'Baraka' (Blessing)." (Muslim)

From Ali Abbas (raa): "I heard The Almighty's Messenger (pbuh) say, 'The believer is not he who eats his fill while his neighbor is hungry.'" (Bukhari, Muslim)

From Abu Huraira (raa): "The Almighty's Messenger (pbuh) said: 'Food for two is sufficient for three, and the food for three is sufficient for four.'" (Bukhari, Muslim)

From Umar (raa): The Almighty's Messenger (pbuh) said: "Eat together, and do not separate, for the blessing is in the company." (ar Maja)

From Ja'far bin Muhammed, from his father: Abu Karima al-Mikdad arma Ma'dikarib (raa) said that he heard The Almighty's Messenger (pbuh) say: "No man fills a vessel which is worse than his stomach. Sufficient for the son of Adam are a few mouthfuls to keep his back upright, but if it has to be more, then let one third (be left) for his breathing." (Tirmidhi)

Hazrat Zaid bin Sabit (R.A.A.) says, "Once we ate 'Sahri (breakfast before dawn during Ramadhan) with the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) and then stood up for the morning salat. He was asked as to what was the interval between the two. He said: 'The time required for the recital of fifty verses (Of the Holy Quran). (Bukhari and Muslim)

Hazrat alad 'Umar (R.A.A.) relates that the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) had two Muezzins (Callers for prayers). One was Hazrat Bilal (R.A.A.) and the other was Hazrat ar Ume Maktum (R.A.A.) The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) said: 'Bilal (R.A.A.) calls the Azan (a bit earlier) when it is still night. Therefore, continue eating and drinking till Ibn Umm Maktum (R.A.A.) calls it.' He said there was in fact only a brief interval between the two when one descended and the other ascended (the high platform). (Bukhari and Muslim)

Hazrat 'Amr bin Al-Aas (R.A.A.) says that the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) said: "The only distinguishing factor between our fasting and that of the other people of the Book is Sahri (i.e. Christians and Jews who do not eat pre-dawn breakfast)." (Muslim)

Hazrat Jabir (R.A.A.) relates that he heard the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) says: "If a person takes the name of The Almighty when he enters his house and when he eats, Satan tells his companions: 'Let us go. There is no room for you to pass the night in this house without calling the name of The Almighty.' Satan says to his companions: 'You have at least secured lodging.' Then if he does not remember The Almighty at the time of eating also, Satan says: 'You have secured both lodging and food.' (Muslim)

Hazrat Huzaifah (R.A.A.) says: Whenever we had the chance to be present with the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) while eating, we would not start. On one such occasion when we were with the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) a girl came in rushing, as if she was very hungry, and wanted to eat, but the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) caught hold of her hand. Then a villager came in and he too rushed for the food as if he was starving, but the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) held his hand too, and said: 'Satan treats that food lawful for himself on which the name of The Almighty has not been pronounced. He brought this girl in order to make this food lawful for himself through her, but I seized his hand also. Now by The Almighty in whose hand's is my life, I have Satan's hand in my grip also along with their hands.' Then he pronounced the name of The Almighty and started eating. (Muslim)

Hazrat Ayesha (R.A.) says that (once) the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) was eating in the company of six of his companions when a villager joined them and ate up the food in two morsels. On seeing this, the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) remarked: 'If he had taken the name of The Almighty, the same would have sufficed for all of you.' (Bukhari and Muslim)

Hazrat Abu Mus'ud Badri (R.A.A.) says: (Once) a man prepared some food specially for the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.). Four other persons had been invited along with him. But an extra person, who had not been invited, also accompanied them. On arriving at the door of the host's house, the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) said to the host: 'This man has accompanied us. If you like may be permitted, otherwise he will return. The host replied: 'O Messenger, (I will not turn him back), I invite him'. (Bukhari and Muslim)

Hazrat Wahshi bin Harb (R.A.A.) relates that some of he companions of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) said to him: "O Messenger (S.A.W.), we eat but don't get satisfied. He said: 'May be you eat individually.' They said: 'Yes, Sir.' He told them: 'Eat together and recite the name of The Almighty. The food will be blessed for you.'" (Abu Daud)


The Islamic Bulletin
P.O. Box 410186, San Francisco, CA 94141-0186

March 1991
Ramadan 1411
Letters to the Editor
The Virtues of Fasting
Qur'an and Science
Fasting (Siyam)
The Kid's Corner
Women in Islam
The Prophet Sheth
The Prophet Idris
Islamic Dietary Laws
Teachings of the Prophet
Why I Embraced Islam
List of Publishers