1. Every Muslim should go to the Eid Congregation in his best, neat, tidy, and high-spirited. In the mosque or the place of a certain verbal prayer (Takbeer) is said before the actual prayer begins.
2. The time of the Eid prayers is any time after sunrise and before noon. The prayer consists of two units with the Imam reciting in each the Fatiha and another passage from the Qur'an.
3. The Imam declares his intention to lead the prayer saying the Takbeer (God is the Greatest of all). Then he repeats the same utterance 3 times, raising his hands up to the ears and dropping them by his sides at the end of each utterance.
On completion of the 3rd Takbeer (utterance) he places his right hand over the left one under the navel as in other prayers. Muslims do the same.
4. At the end of the 1st unit, the Imam rises up for the 2nd Takbeer. Then he adds 3 utterances.
5. After the prayer is completed in 2 units, the Imam delivers a sermon of 2 parts with a short recess in between.
6. In the sermon, the Imam must draw the attention to the matter of Zakat-ul-Fitr (the Charity of the Breaking the Fast).
An essential component to fasting in the month of Ramadan is the mandatory Zakat at the end of Ramadan. It is due on every adult Muslim who possesses food in excess of his needs and those of his family for 24 hours. It the person is a provider for others, Zakat-ul-Fitr is also due on him on behalf of his dependents (i.e. wife, children, servants, or other dependent relatives).
It consists of a Sa'a, a measure of about 2.5 kg (5.5 pounds) of rice, wheat, dates or similar things of food or its equivalence. For this year, about $3.50 is a safe estimate for those residing in the U.S. Give it voluntarily and without any hesitation on Eid-day, or a day or two before so that the poor also can enjoy the Eid festivities along with the others. The Holy Prophet (saw) has highly recommended the Zakat-ul-Fitr so that it may expiate for the irregularities committed during Ramadan, and may help for the sustenance of the poor and the indigent." (Abu Daud)
The Islamic Center has made arrangements to collect Zakat-ul-Fitr (as well as regular Zakat) before Eid day as well as on Eid.
The Islamic Bulletin
P.O. Box 410186, San Francisco, CA 94141-0186