Hud (pbuh) was the Prophet sent to the Bani 'Ad for their reformation. His lineage genealogy joins with the Prophet Nuh (Noah) (pbuh) and his sons. The Prophet Hud (pbuh) belonged to the Bani 'Ad. They were the descendants of Sam.
The 'Adites left Babylon after they had a quarrel with the people of Ham. They settled down in the Southern Arabian district contiguous to ' Umman, Yemen and Hadramaut. There they built palaces, erected temples, and worshipped deities. Their chief deities were Saqi'ah, Salimah, Raziqah and Hafizun. 'Adites were tall in stature and skillful masons. Almighty had blessed them with abundance of wealth, cattle, and children. 'Adites had attained a considerable degree of civilization. Among them flourished the famous king Shaddad. He built a magnificent palace near 'Aden, South Yemen. It was known as the Garden of Iram. He was a mighty king and his conquests extended to Syria, Iraq and the frontier of sub-continent of Indo-Pakistan. These people were proud of their achievements and considered themselves to be invincible. They were indulged in sins and committed acts of injustice and violence. Instead of expressing a deep of gratitude to The Almighty for the favors he had bestowed upon them, they became transgressors and showed disobedience to The Almighty.
Prophet Hud (pbuh) appeared among the 'Adites to guide them. He tried his best to bring the 'Adites back to the worship of One Almighty. He directed them to give up all their evil practices. He advised them to abstain from committing sins, but they paid no heed to the teachings and warnings. The Holy Qur'an states:
"And to the 'Ad, We sent their brother Hud. He said: O' my people! Serve The Almighty, you have no other God than Him. Will you not then keep away from evil and he mindful of your duty to Him. The Chiefs of those who disbelieved from among his people said: Most surely, we see you in folly and indeed we think you to be of the liars. He said: O' my people! There is no folly in me, but I am an Apostle of the Lord of the Worlds. I convey to you the message of my Lord and I am a sincere adviser to you." (Quran 7:65)
The people did not listen to him and disobeyed the Commandments of The Almighty. For this disobedience the wrath of The Almighty came down upon them. A drought of unusual severity and a violent storm nearly annihilated the majority if the people of the Bani Ad.The Holy Qur'an states:
"As to the 'Ad, they were destroyed by a roaring violent blast which The Almighty made to prevail over them for seven nights and eight days continuously so that you mightiest have seen the people therein prostrate as if they were hollow trunks of palm tree." (Quran 69:6-7)
This storm had such a devastating effect that all the proud and disobedient people were completely destroyed but the Prophet Hud (pbuh) and his followers remained safe and sound. The Holy Qur'an States:
"So We delivered him (Prophet Hud) and those with him by Mercy from Us and We cut off the last of those who treated Our Signs as lies and were disbelievers." (Quran 7:72)
Afterwards the remnant who survived established themselves in Yemen. The grave of the Prophet Hud (pbuh) is in Hadramaut. It is visited by the Arabs in the month of Rajab.
The Islamic Bulletin
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