The Twelve Months in an Islamic Calendar Year - The Hijri Calendar

The Muslim Era began with the Great Event of the Hijrah from Mecca to Medina or the Emigration of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) and his companions from Mecca to Medina. The adoption of this event as the beginning of the Muslim Era took place in the Caliphate of Omar Ibn Al-Khattab (RAA), the second Caliph after Muhammad (S.A.W.). We are now in the year 1412 after Hijrah (1412 A.H.).

The Muslim calendar is Lunar, and its months are determined by the various positions of the moon. In every year there are twelve months, and each month is either 29 or 30 days depending on the position of the moon. These months are:

Moharram Rajab
Safar Sha'ban
Rabi' al-Awwal Ramadan
Rabi' al-Thani Shawwal
Jumada al-Oola Zul-Qi'dah
Jumada al-Thaniyah Zul-Hijjah



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