Page 147 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Service of parents is essential at every stage of their life - whether they are young or old. But this Hadith mentions
their old age for the reason that in that period of their life they stand in greater need of care and service. It is a very
callous offense to leave them at the mercy of circumstances when they are old, senile and depend on others for their
needs. To neglect them at that stage is a major sin for which one deserves Hell-fire.
لﺎﻗ ًﻼﺟر نَأ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﻪﻨﻋو
ِﻢِﻬْﻴَﻟِإ ُﻦِﺴﺣُأَو ، ﻲﻧﻮُﻌَﻄْﻘَﻳَو ْﻢُﻬُﻠِﺻَأ ًﺔَﺑاﺮَﻗ ﻲﻟ ﱠنِإ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﺎﻳ
لﺎﻘﻓ ، ﱠﻲَﻠﻋ َنﻮُﻠﻬْﺠﻳَو ْﻢُﻬﻨﻋ ُﻢُﻠْﺣَأو ، ﱠﻲﻟِإ َنﻮُﺌﻴﺴُﻳَو
ُلاَﺰَﻳ ﻻو ، ﱠﻞَﻤﻟا ُﻢُﻬﱡﻔِﺴُﺗ ﺎَﻤﱠﻧَﺄَﻜَﻓ ، َﺖْﻠُﻗ ﺎﻤآ ﺖْﻨُآ ْﻦِﺌَﻟ
َﻚﻟَذ ﻰَﻠَﻋ َﺖْﻣد ﺎﻣ ْﻢِﻬْﻴَﻠَﻋ ٌﺮﻴِﻬﻇ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻦِﻣ َﻚﻌﻣ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
ِءﺎﻔﻟا ﺪﻳﺪﺸﺗو ِﺔﻠﻤﻬﻤﻟا ﻦﻴﺴﻟا ِﺮﺴآو ِءﺎﺘﻟا ﻢﻀﺑ
» ﱡﻞَﻤﻟاو «
ﻮهو مﻼﻟا ﺪﻳﺪﺸﺗو ، ﻢﻴﻤﻟا ِﺢﺘﻔﺑ
ﱡرﺎﺤﻟا دﺎﻣﱠﺮﻟا
ِﺒﺸَﺗ ﻮُهو ﱠرﺎﺤﻟا دﺎﻣﱠﺮﻟا ْﻢُﻬُﻤِﻌْﻄُﺗ ﺎَﻤﱠﻧَﺄآ ْيَأ
ِﻢﺛِﻹا َﻦِﻣ ِدﺎﻣﱠﺮﻟا َﻞِآﺁ ُﻖﺤْﻠَﻳ ﺎﻤِﺑ ﻢﺛِﻹا َﻦِﻣ ْﻢﻬُﻘَﺤْﻠﻳ ﺎﻤِﻟ ٌﻪﻴ
ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ىَذَﻷا ُﻢِﻬِﻟﺎَﺧدِإو ، ﻪِﻘَﺣ ﻲﻓ ﻢِهﺮِﻴﺼْﻘَﺘَﺑ ٌﻢﻴَﻈَﻋ ٌﻢْﺛِإ ْﻢُﻬﻟﺎَﻨَﻳ ْﻦِﻜَﻟ ، ْﻢِﻬْﻴَﻟِإ ِﻦِﺴْﺤُﻤﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ َﺊﺷ ﻻو ،
ﻢﻠﻋأ ﻪﱠﻠﻟاو ،
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A man said to Messenger of Allah (PBUH): "I have
relatives with whom I try to keep the ties of relationship but they sever relations with me; and whom I treat kindly
but they treat me badly, I am gentle with them but they are rough to me.'' He (PBUH) replied,
"If you are as you say,
it is as if you are feeding them hot ashes, and you will be with a supporter against them from Allah as long as you
continue to do so".
This Hadith has three important lessons:
First, the misbehaviour of one's relative is no justification for the misbehaviour of another, let alone the severing of
relations on that account.
Second, the person who treats his relatives nicely in all events and circumstances is blessed by Allah Who will send
from heaven helpers to support him.
Third, the consequence of denying compassion and kindness to relatives is as woeful as the eating of hot ashes.
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر نَأ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍﺲﻧَأ ﻦﻋو
ِﻪِﻗزِر ﻲﻓ ﻪﻟ َﻂَﺴْﺒُﻳ ْنَأ ﱠﺐﺣَأ ْﻦَﻣ
ُﻪﻤِﺣر ْﻞِﺼﻴْﻠَﻓ ، ِﻩِﺮﺛَأ ﻲﻓ ُﻪَﻟ َﺄﺴْﻨُﻳو ،
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ﻩِﺮَﺛَأ ﻲﻓ ُﻪَﻟ َﺄﺴﻨﻳ
: ْيَأ
ِﻩِﺮُﻤُﻋو ِﻪﻠﺟَأ ﻲﻓ ﻪﻟ ﺮﺧﺆﻳ
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"He who desires ample
provisions and his life be prolonged, should maintain good ties with his blood relations".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
One who is benevolent and compassionate towards one's own relatives, stands to gain at least two
definite advantages in this world besides the reward in the next. These two advantages are the increase in his
subsistence and longevity of life.
Increase in subsistence means that Almighty Allah will increase the quantity of his worldly goods or his means of
subsistence will be blessed by Him. Similar is the case of longevity of life. The life of such person is either actually
d (in terms of years)
or his life is graced with the Blessings of Allah. Both interpretations are correct.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋو
ْﺖﻧﺎَآو ، َءﺎَﺣْﺮﻴِﺑ ِﻪِﻟاَﻮْﻣَأّﱡﺐﺣَأ نﺎآو ، ٍﻞْﺨَﻧ ْﻦِﻣ ًﻻﺎَﻣ ِﺔَﻨﻳﺪَﻤﻟﺎِﺑ رﺎﺼﻧَﻷا ﺮَﺜْآَأ ﺔَﺤْﻠَﻃ ﻮُﺑَأ نﺎآ
ﱠﻤﻠَﻓ ، ٍﺐﱢﻴَﻃ ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ٍءﺎﻣ ْﻦِﻣ بَﺮْﺸَﻳَو ،ﺎَﻬُﻠُﺧْﺪﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر نﺎَآو ، ِﺪِﺠْﺴَﻤﻟا ﺔَﻠِﺒْﻘﺘْﺴُﻣ
َﻧ ﺎ
ُﺔﻳﻵا ِﻩِﺬه
َنﻮﱡﺒِﺤُﺗ ﺎﱠﻤِﻣ اﻮُﻘِﻔْﻨُﺗ ﻰﱠﺘَﺣ ﱠﺮِﺒْﻟا اﻮُﻟﺎَﻨَﺗ ْﻦَﻟ
ناﺮﻤﻋ لﺁ
:92 [
ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﻰﻟإ ﺔﺤْﻠَﻃ ﻮُﺑَأ مﺎﻗ
لﺎﻘﻓ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا
لﻮﻘﻳ ﻰﻟﺎﻌﺗو كَرﺎَﺒَﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱠنِإ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ﺎﻳ
ﻰﱠﺘَﺣ ﱠﺮِﺒْﻟا اﻮُﻟﺎَﻨَﺗ ْﻦَﻟ
َنﻮﱡﺒِﺤُﺗ ﺎﱠﻤِﻣ اﻮُﻘِﻔْﻨُﺗ
َﻬْﻌَﻀَﻓ ، ﻰﻟﺎﻌﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﺪْﻨِﻋ ﺎَهﺮْﺧُذو ﺎَهﱠﺮِﺑ ﻮُﺟرَأ ،ﻰﻟﺎﻌﺗ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟ ٌﺔَﻗﺪَﺻ ﺎَﻬﱠﻧِإو ، َءﺎَﺣْﺮَﻴِﺑ ﱠﻲﻟِإ ﻰﻟﺎﻣ ﺐﺣَأ ﱠنِإَو
لﻮﺳر ﺎﻳ ﺎ
ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َكارَأ ُﺚﻴﺣ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر لﺎﻘﻓ
» ِﻟذ ، ٍﺦَﺑ
ْﺪَﻗو ، ٌﺢﺑار ٌلﺎﻣ َﻚِﻟذ ، ٌﺢﺑار ٌلﺎﻣ َﻚ
ﻦﻴِﺑﺮْﻗَﻷا ﻲﻓ ﺎَﻬَﻠَﻌْﺠَﺗ ْنَأ ىرَأ ﻲﱠﻧِإو ، َﺖﻠُﻗ ﺎﻣ ُﺖْﻌِﻤَﺳ
ﺔﺤْﻠَﻃ ﻮُﺑَأ لﺎﻘﻓ
ﻮُﺑَأ ﺎَﻬﻤَﺴَﻘَﻓ ، ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﺎﻳ ُﻞﻌﻓَأ
ِﻪﱢﻤﻋ ﻲﻨﺑو ِﻪِﺑِرﺎﻗَأ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺤْﻠَﻃ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ِﻹا ِبﺎﺑ ﻲﻓ ِﻪِﻇﺎَﻔْﻟَأ ُنﺎَﻴَﺑ ﻖﺒﺳَو
ﺐِﺤُﻳ ﺎﱠﻤِﻣ ِقﺎَﻔْﻧ
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Abu Talhah (May Allah be pleased with him) was the richest
among the Ansar of Al-Madinah and possessed the largest property; and among his possessions what he loved most
was his garden known as Bairuha' which was opposite the mosque, and Messenger of Allah (PBUH) often visited it
and drank from its fresh water. When this ayah was revealed:
"By no means shall you attain Al-Birr (piety,
righteousness - here it means Allah's reward, i.e., Jannah), unless you spend (in Allah's Cause) of that which you