Page 148 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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(3:92). Abu Talhah came to Messenger of Allah (PBUH), and said: "Allah says in His Book:
`By no means
shall you attain Al-Birr, unless you spend (in Allah's Cause) of that which you love,
' and the dearest of my property
is Bairuha' so I have given it as Sadaqah (charity) for Allah's sake, and I anticipate its reward with Him; so spend it,
O Messenger of Allah, as Allah guides you". Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Well-done! That is profitable
property. I have heard what you have said, but I think you should spend it on your nearest relatives.
'' So Abu Talhah
distributed it among his nearest relatives and cousins.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith has already been mentioned in the chapter which deals with the merits of spending of
what one loves best in the way of Allah. It has been repeated here in support of benevolence to the relatives. Its
repetition makes it clear that while spending in the way of Allah, one should always first of all consider his relatives
and help those of them who deserve assistance. After fulfilling their needs, if anything remains then it can be given
to others.
لﺎﻗ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر صﺎﻌﻟا ﻦﺑ وﺮﻤﻋ ﻦﺑ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﺪﺒﻋ ﻦﻋو
ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱢﻲِﺒَﻧ ﻰﻟِإ ٌﻞُﺟر َﻞﺒْﻗَأ
لﺎﻘﻓ ،ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو
ﻰﻟﺎﻌﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻦِﻣ َﺮﺟَﻷا ﻲِﻐَﺘﺑَأ ِدﺎَﻬِﺠﻟاَو ِةﺮﺠِﻬﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ َﻚُﻌِﻳﺎﺑُأ
. لﺎﻗ :
؟ ﱞﻲَﺣ ٌﺪﺣَأ َﻚْﻳِﺪﻟاو ْﻦِﻣ ْﻞَﻬﻓ
لﺎﻗ :
ِآ ﻞﺑ ْﻢﻌﻧ
لﺎﻗ ﺎﻤُهﻼ :
؟ﻰﻟﺎﻌﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻦِﻣ َﺮْﺟَﻷا ﻲِﻐَﺘْﺒَﺘَﻓ
لﺎﻗ : ْﻢﻌﻧ . لﺎﻗ :
ْﻦِﺴْﺣَﺄَﻓ ، َﻚْﻳِﺪﻟاو ﻰﻟِإ ْﻊﺟْرﺎَﻓ
ﺎﻤُﻬَﺘﺒْﺤُﺻ .
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ٍﻢﻠﺴﻣ ُﻆْﻔَﻟ اﺬهو
ﺎﻤُﻬﻟ ٍﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
لﺎﻘﻓ ِدﺎَﻬِﺠﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻪُﻧَذْﺄَﺘْﺳﺎﻓ ٌﻞﺟر َءﺎﺟ
؟ َكاﺪِﻟاو ﱞﻲﺣَأ
لﺎﻗ : َﻌَﻧ
لﺎﻗ ، ْﻢ
ْﺪِهﺎﺠَﻓ ﺎﻤِﻬﻴِﻔﻓ
`Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`as (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: A man came to the Prophet
(PBUH) of Allah and said, "I swear allegiance to you for emigration and Jihad, seeking reward from Allah.'' He
(PBUH) said,
"Is any of your parents alive?
'' He said, "Yes, both of them are alive.'' He (PBUH) then asked,
you want to seek reward from Allah?
'' He replied in the affirmative. Thereupon Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Go back to your parents and keep good company with them".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
In another narration it is reported that a person came to Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and sought his permission to
participate in Jihad. The Prophet (PBUH) asked,
"Are your parents alive?
'' He replied in the affirmative. The
Prophet a(PBUH) said,
"(You should) consider their service as Jihad.''
Under normal circumstances, Jihad is Fard Kifayah (collective duty -- which means that if some
people observe it, the rest of the Muslims will be exempted from its obligation). In such circumstances permission of
parents to participate in Jihad is necessary because their service is Fard-ul-`ain (individual duty -- an injunction or
ordinance, the obligation of which extends to every Muslim in person), and the former cannot be preferred to the
latter. This Hadith explains such a situation. In certain circumstances, however, Jihad becomes Fard-ul-`ain and in
that case permission of the parents to take part in Jihad is not essential because then every Muslim is duty-bound to
take part in it.
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﻦﻋ ﻪﻨﻋو
ُﻪُﻤِﺣَر ْﺖﻌَﻄَﻗ اذِإ يﺬﱠﻟا َﻞِﺻاﻮﻟا ﱠﻦِﻜﻟَو ﺊﻓﺎﻜُﻤﻟﺎِﺑ ُﻞِﺻاﻮْﻟا َﺲْﻴَﻟ
ﺎَﻬَﻠﺻو «
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
» ْﺖﻌﻄَﻗ
ِءﺎﱠﻄﻟاَو ِفﺎﻘﻟا ﺢْﺘَﻔِﺑ
. َو
» ُﻪُﻤِﺣَر «
`Abdullah bin `Amr Al-`as (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said,
"The person
who perfectly maintains the ties of kinship is not the one who does it because he gets recompensed by his relatives
(for being kind and good to them), but the one who truly maintains the bonds of kinship is the one who persists in
doing so even though the latter has severed the ties of kinship with him".
This Hadith makes clear the essentials of kindness to relatives. Those kinsmen who respect and
honour you, would obviously be treated by you fairly. It goes without saying that people usually reciprocate
sentiments showed to them. But this is not maintaining the ties of kinship but kindness for kindness. On the opposite
side, there is a kinsman who is rough and rude and is always bent upon severing relation with you, but you tolerate
his excesses with patience and perseverance, return his harshness with politeness, maintain relationship with him in
spite of all his efforts to break it, then what you are exercising is maintaining the ties of kinship. This is what Islam
actually demands from a Muslim. But this is the excellence of Faith which one must try to attain. There is nothing
remarkable in exchanging dry smiles.