Page 23 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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َلﺎَﻗ ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲِﺿَر ٍﺲَﻧَأ ْﻦَﻋَو
لﺎَﻘَﻓ ٍﺮْﺒَﻗ َﺪْﻨِﻋ ﻲِﻜْﺒَﺗ ٍةَأَﺮْﻣﺎِﺑ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱡﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﱠﺮَﻣ
ﷲا ﻲِﻘﱠﺗا
، ﻲﱢﻨَﻋ َﻚْﻴَﻟِإ
ﺎﻬَﻟ َﻞﻴﻘَﻓ ، ُﻪْﻓﺮْﻌﺗ ْﻢَﻟَو ،ﻰﺘﺒﻴِﺼُﻤﺑ ْﺐَﺼُﺗ ْﻢَﻟ َﻚﱢﻧِﺈَﻓ
ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱡﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﻪﱠﻧِإ
ْﺖﻟﺎﻘَﻓ ، َﻦﻴﺑاﱠﻮَﺑ ُﻩَﺪْﻨِﻋ ﺪِﺠَﺗ ْﻢَﻠﻓ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻲﱢﺒﱠﻨﻟا َبﺎَﺑ ْﺖﺗَﺄَﻓ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو
َلﺎﻘﻓ ، َﻚْﻓِﺮْﻋَأ ْﻢَﻟ
» ﺎﻤﱠﻧِإ
ﻰَﻟوﻷا ِﺔَﻣْﺪﱠﺼﻟا َﺪْﻨِﻋ ُﺮ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ٍﻢﻠْﺴُﻤﻟ ﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ﺎَﻬَﻟ ﱟﻲﺒَﺻ ﻰَﻠَﻋ ﻲِﻜْﺒَﺗ
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) passed by a woman who was crying over
a grave and said,
"Fear Allah and be patient.''
She said, "Away from me! My calamity has not befallen you and you
are not aware of it.'' The woman was later told that it was the Prophet (PBUH) (who had advised her). She came to
his door where she found no doorkeeper. She said, "(I am sorry) I did not know you.'' Messenger of Allah (PBUH)
"Patience is (becoming) only at the first (stroke) of grief".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Another narration in Muslim says: The woman was crying over her son.
This Hadith indicates the excellence of the Prophet's character. The woman whom he advised to
have patience did not behave properly, but the Prophet (PBUH) was neither annoyed nor did he reproach her. When
she appeared before him for the second time, he again repeated his advice for patience. This Hadith has a great
lesson for those who call people to the Right Path. Our scholars and preachers should follow this excellent example.
َلﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳَر ﱠنَأ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿَر َةَﺮﻳَﺮَه ﻲﺑأ ْﻦَﻋَو
ﻰَﻟﺎَﻌَﺗ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﻘَﻳ
يِﺪْﺒَﻌِﻟ ﺎَﻣ
ﺔﱠﻨَﺠﻟا ﱠﻻِإ ُﻪﺒَﺴَﺘْﺣا ﱠﻢُﺛ ﺎَﻴْﻧﱡﺪﻟا ِﻞْهَأ ْﻦِﻣ ُﻪﱠﻴِﻔَﺻ ُﺖْﻀﺒَﻗ اَذِإ ٌءاَﺰَﺟ يِﺪْﻨِﻋ ِﻦِﻣْﺆُﻤﻟا
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Allah, the
Exalted, says: 'I have no reward other than Jannah for a believing slave of Mine who remains patient for My sake
when I take away his beloved one from among the inhabitants of the world".
Child, wife and parents, etc., are the dearest people to everyone. It is a great sign of Faith to accept
their death as the Will of Allah, to bear their loss with patience. Wailing and saying nonsense things show weakness
of Faith. The reward of patience on such tragedies is Jannah while the result of impatience is displeasure of Allah.
ﻋﺎﱠﻄﻟا ﻦَﻋ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ْﺖَﻟَﺄَﺳ ﺎَﻬَﻧأ ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﺔَﺸﺋﺎﻋ ْﻦَﻋو
َنﺎَآ ُﻪَﻧَأ ﺎَهَﺮَﺒﺧَﺄَﻓ ، ِنﻮ
َﻳ ٍﺪْﺒَﻋ ْﻦِﻣ َﺲْﻴَﻠَﻓ ، َﻦﻴِﻨﻣْﺆُﻤْﻠﻟ ًﺔﻤْﺣر ﻰَﻟﺎﻌﺗ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﻪَﻠَﻌَﺠَﻓ ، ُءﺎَﺸَﻳ ْﻦﻣ ﻰَﻠَﻋ ﻰﻟﺎﻌﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﻪُﺜَﻌْﺒَﻳ ًﺎﺑاَﺬَﻋ
نﻮُﻋﺎﱠﻄﻟا ﻲﻓ ُﻊَﻘ
ﱠﻻِإ ُﻪُﺒﻴِﺼُﻳ َﻻ ُﻪﱠﻧَأ ُﻢَﻠْﻌَﻳ ًﺎﺒِﺴَﺘْﺤُﻣ ًاﺮِﺑﺎَﺻ ِﻩِﺪَﻠﺑ ﻲﻓ ُﺚُﻜْﻤَﻴَﻓ
ِﺪﻴِﻬﱠﺸﻟا ِﺮْﺟَأ ُﻞْﺜِﻣ ُﻪَﻟ َنﺎَآ ﱠﻻِإ ُﻪَﻟ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﺐَﺘَآ ﺎَﻣ
« ﻩاور
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: I asked the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) about pestilence and
he said,
"It is a punishment which Allah sends upon whomsoever He wills, but Allah has made it as a mercy to the
believers. Anyone who remains in a town which is plagued with pestilence maintaining patience expecting the
reward from Allah, and knowing that nothing will befall him other than what Allah has foreordained for him, he
would receive a reward of Shaheed".
To endure patiently in a city where one resides when it is affected by plague or such other epidemics,
and not to flee from it, elevates a Muslim to the level of Shahadah in the way of Allah, as is the case in certain other
circumstances, like death by drowning or in maternity, etc. This order is based on the consideration that the
epidemic should not spread to other cities. On the other hand, residents of other cities are ordered to refrain from
visiting the affected city. The Hadith clearly shows that it does not go against faith in Allah to take steps necessary
for prevention and cure. Similarly, patience in the event of sickness is a proof of one's perfect faith in the Will of
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍﺲﻧَأ ْﻦَﻋو
ُلﻮﻘﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ُﺖْﻌِﻤَﺳ
َلﺎَﻗ ﱠﻞَﺟو ﱠﺰَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱠنإ
َﺔﱠﻨﺠْﻟا ﺎَﻤُﻬْﻨِﻣ ُﻪُﺘْﺿﱠﻮَﻋ َﺮَﺒﺼَﻓ ِﻪْﻴَﺘﺒﻴﺒﺤﺑ يِﺪﺒَﻋ ُﺖْﻴَﻠَﺘْﺑا اَذِإ
ﱡيرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور ، ﻪْﻴﻨﻴﻋ ُﺪﻳﺮُﻳ
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying,
"Allah, the
Glorious and Exalted said: `When I afflict my slave in his two dear things (i.e., his eyes), and he endures patiently, I