Page 235 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 57
ﺔﺸﻴﻌﻤﻟا ﻲﻓ دﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻاو فﺎﻔﻌﻟاو ﺔﻋﺎﻨﻘﻟا بﺎﺑ
Contentment and Self-esteem and avoidance of unnecessary begging of People
Allah, the Exalted, says:
"And no moving (living) creature is there on earth but its provision is due from Allah.''
"(Charity is) for Fuqara (the poor), who in Allah's Cause are restricted (from travel), and cannot move about
in the land (for trade or work). The one who knows them not, thinks that they are rich because of their
modesty. You may know them by their mark, they do not beg of people at all.''
"And those, who, when they spend, are neither extravagant nor niggardly, but hold a medium (way) between
those (extremes).''
"And I (Allah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone). I seek not any
provision from them (i.e., provision for themselves or for My creatures) nor do I ask that they should feed Me
(i.e., feed themselves or My creatures).''
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﻦﻋ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َةَﺮْﻳَﺮُه ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋ
، ِ
ضﺮَﻌﻟا ِةَﺮْﺜآ ﻦَﻋ ﻲَﻨِﻐﻟا ﺲﻴَﻟ
ِﺲﻔﱠﻨﻟا ﻲَﻨِﻏ َﻲِﻨﻐﻟا ﱠﻦِﻜﻟَو
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ِءاﺮﻟاو ﻦﻴﻌﻟا ﺢﺘﻔﺑ
ُلﺎَﻤﻟا َﻮُه
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said,
"Richness is not the
abundance of wealth, rather it is self-sufficiency.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Self-sufficiency means that man lives on whatever he possesses, remains contentedly independent of
others and avoids begging of them. Herein lies a suggestion that man should submit to Divine dispensation. He
should not desire more than he needs, nor should he keep an eye on the wealth of others.
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر نَأ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر وﺮﻤﻋ ﻦﺑ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﺪﺒﻋ ﻦﻋو
ْﻦَﻣ َﺢَﻠﻓَأ ْﺪَﻗ
ُﻩﺎَﺗﺁ ﺎﻤﺑ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﻪَﻌﱠﻨَﻗَو ، ًﺎﻓﺎَﻔَآ َقِزُرَو ، َﻢَﻠَﺳَأ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
`Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-as (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: the Messenger of Allah (PBUH)
"Successful is the one who has entered the fold of Islam and is provided with sustenance which is sufficient for
his needs, and Allah makes him content with what He has bestowed upon him.''.
To be contented with the independent subsistence
has been counted a merit by the Prophet
(PBUH) because this prevents one from begging of people. The Hadith points out the excellence of those people
who remain satisfied with their limited resources and do not beg of people. Similarly, autarky has its own merit
because affluence often makes a man proud, whereas penury lowers his image in the eyes of people. Yet adequate
livelihood has no room for the pitfalls of the two other situations.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ماَﺰِﺣ ﻦﺑ ﻢﻴﻜَﺣ ﻦﻋو
ُﻪُﺘْﻟَﺄَﺳ ﻢﺛ ، ﻲﻧﺎَﻄﻋَﺄَﻓ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ُﺖْﻟَﺄَﺳ
لﺎﻗ ﻢﺛ ، ﻲﻧﺎَﻄﻋَﺄَﻓ ُﻪُﺘْﻟَﺄَﺳ ﻢﺛ ، ﻲﻧﺎَﻄﻋَﺄَﻓ
ﺲﻔَﻧ ِةَوﺎَﺨَﺴِﺑ ُﻩَﺬَﺧَأ ﻦﻤَﻓ ،ٌﻮْﻠُﺣ ٌﺮِﻀَﺧ َلﺎَﻤﻟا اﺬه ﱠنِإ ، ُﻢﻴﻜَﺣ ﺎﻳ
ُﻪَﻟ َكرﻮُﺑ
ﻴَﺧ ﺎﻴَﻠُﻌﻟا ُﺪﻴﻟاو ، ُﻊَﺒْﺸَﻳ ﻻو ُﻞُآْﺄَﻳ يِﺬﱠﻟﺎَآ َنﺎَآو ، ِﻪﻴﻓ ُﻪﻟ ْكَرﺎَﺒُﻳ ﻢَﻟ ٍﺲْﻔَﻧ ِفاَﺮﺷِﺈِﺑ ُﻩَﺬَﺧَأ ﻦَﻣَو ، ﻪﻴِﻓ
َﻦِﻣ ٌﺮ
ﻰَﻠﻔﱡﺴﻟا ِﺪَﻴﻟا
ُﺖﻠﻘﻓ ٌﻢﻴﻜَﺣ لﺎﻗ
ﻰﱠﺘَﺣ ًﺎﺌْﻴَﺷ َكَﺪﻌَﺑ ًاﺪﺣَأ ُأَزْرَأ ﻻ ﱢﻖَﺤﻟﺎﺑ َﻚَﺜﻌَﺑ يِﺬﱠﻟاَو ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﺎﻳ
، ﺎَﻴﻧﱡﺪﻟا َقِرﺎَﻓُأ
ًﺎﺌْﻴَﺷ ُﻪْﻨِﻣ َﻞَﺒْﻘَﻳ نأ ﻰَﺑْﺄَﻴَﻓ ، َءﺎَﻄَﻌﻟا ُﻪَﻴﻄﻌُﻴِﻟ ًﺎﻤﻴﻜَﺣ ﻮُﻋْﺪَﻳ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍﺮﻜﺑ ﻮُﺑَأ َنﺎَﻜَﻓ
ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﺮﻤُﻋ ﱠنِإ ﱠﻢُﺛ
ُﻪَﻠﺒْﻘَﻳ نَأ ﻰَﺑَﺄَﻓ ، ُﻪﻴﻄﻌُﻴِﻟ ُﻩﺎَﻋَد ﻪﻨﻋ
َﻋ ﻢُآُﺪِﻬْﺷُأ ، َﻦﻴﻤﻠْﺴُﻤﻟا َﺮَﺸﻌَﻣ ﺎﻳ
ُﻪﱠﻘَﺣ ﻪﻴَﻠَﻋ ُ
ضﺮْﻋَأ ﻲِﻧَأ ٍﻢﻴﻜَﺣ ﻰﻠ
ُﻩَﺬُﺧْﺄَﻳ نَأ ﻰَﺑْﺄَﻴﻓ ، ِءﻲﻔْﻟا اﺬه ﻲﻓ ُﻪَﻟ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﻪَﻤَﺴَﻗ يِﺬﱠﻟا
ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا َﺪْﻌَﺑ ِسﺎﱠﻨﻟا َﻦِﻣ ًاﺪﺣَأ ُﻢﻴﻜَﺣ ْأَزْﺮَﻳ ْﻢَﻠَﻓ
ﻲﻓُﻮُﺗ ﻰﱠﺘَﺣ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ُأَزْﺮﻳ «
از ﻢﺛ ٍءاﺮﺑ
ِءْزﱡﺮﻟا ُﻞﺻَأو ، ًﺎﺌْﻴَﺷ ٍﺪﺣَأ ﻦِﻣ ْﺬُﺧْﺄﻳ ﻢﻟ يأ ، ٍةﺰﻤه ﻢﺛ ي
ًاﺪَﺣَأ ْ
ﺺُﻘْﻨﻳ ﻢَﻟ يَأ ، ُنﺎَﺼﻘﱡﻨﻟا
ُﻪْﻨِﻣ ِﺬﺧَﻷﺎﺑ ًﺎﺌﻴَﺷ
. و
ِﺲﻔﱠﻨﻟا ُفاَﺮْﺷِإ
ِءﻲﱠﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺎَﻬُﻌﻤَﻃو ﺎﻬُﻌﱡﻠَﻄَﺗ
. و
ِﺲْﻔﱠﻨﻟا ُةَوﺎَﺨَﺳ
ُمﺪﻋ َﻲه
او ، ِءﻲﱠﺸﻟا ﻰﻟِإ فاَﺮَﺷِﻹا
ِﻩﺮﱠﺸﻟاو ِﻪِﺑ ِةﻻﺎﺒُﻤﻟاو ، ﻪﻴﻓ ﻊَﻤﱠﻄﻟ
Hakim bin Hizam (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I begged Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and he
gave me; I begged him again and he gave me. I begged him again and he gave me and said,
"O Hakim, wealth is