Page 289 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 79
لدﺎﻌﻟا ﻲﻟاﻮﻟا بﺎﺑ
The Just Ruler
Allah, the Exalted, says:
"Verily, Allah enjoins Al-`Adl (justice) and Al-Ihsan (performing duties in a perfect manner).''
"And be equitable. Verily! Allah loves those who are the equitable.''
ﺑأ ﻦﻋو
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﻦﻋ ، ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ةﺮﻳﺮه ﻲ
ِﻪﱢﻠِﻇ ﻲﻓ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﻢُﻬﱡﻠِﻈُﻳ ٌﺔَﻌْﺒَﺳ
ُﻪﱡﻠِﻇ ﱠﻻإ ﱠﻞِﻇ ﻻ َمﻮﻳ
ِنﻼُﺟرو ، ِﺪِﺟﺎَﺴَﻤﻟا ﻲﻓ ُﻪُﺒﻠَﻗ ٌﻖﱠﻠَﻌُﻣ ٌﻞُﺟَرو ، ﻰﻟﺎﻌَﺗ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِةَدﺎﺒِﻋ ﻲﻓ َﺄَﺸَﻧ ﱞبﺎَﺷو ، ٌلِدﺎﻋ ٌمﺎَﻣإ
لﺎَﻘﻓ ، ٍلﺎَﻤﺟو ﺐِﺼﻨَﻣ ُتاَذ ٌةَأَﺮﻣا ُﻪﺘَﻋد ٌﻞُﺟرو ، ِﻪﻴَﻠﻋ ﺎَﻗﱠﺮﻔَﺗو ، ِﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﺎَﻌﻤَﺘﺟا ، ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺎﱠﺑﺎ
ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُفﺎَﺧَأ ﻰﱢﻧإ
َﻔَﻓ ًﺎﻴِﻟﺎَﺧ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﺮَآَذ ٌﻞُﺟَرو ، ُﻪُﻨِﻴﻤﻳ ُﻖِﻔﻨُﺗ ﺎﻣ ُﻪُﻟﺎﻤِﺷ َﻢَﻠﻌَﺗ ﻻ ﻰﱠﺘَﺣ ﺎهﺎَﻔْﺧَﺄَﻓ ، ٍﺔﻗﺪﺼِﺑ َقﱠﺪَﺼَﺗ ٌﻞُﺟَرو ،
ُﻩﺎَﻨﻴﻋ ْﺖَﺿ «
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said,
"Seven are (the persons)
whom Allah will give protection with His Shade* on the Day when there will be no shade except His Shade (i.e., on
the Day of Resurrection), and they are: A just ruler; a youth who grew up with the worship of Allah; a person whose
heart is attached to the mosque; two persons who love and meet each other and depart from each other for the sake
of Allah; a man whom a beautiful and high ranking woman seduces (for illicit relation), but he (rejects this offer by
saying): `I fear Allah'; a person who gives a charity and conceals it (to such an extent) that the left hand might not
know what the right has given; and a person who remembers Allah in solitude and his eyes well up.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
* The Shade of Allah to which this Hadith refers to is the shade of His Throne.
This Hadith has already been described in the chapter about the excellence of the love of Allah.
Here, it has been carried forward in view of its relevance with the just ruler's excellence. Refer to the commentary
on Hadith No. 379.
لﺎﻗ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر صﺎﻌﻟا ﻦﺑ وﺮﻤﻋ ِﻦﺑ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﺪﺒﻋ ﻦﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
ٍرﻮﻧ ْﻦِﻣ َﺮِﺑﺎﻨَﻣ ﻰﻠَﻋ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﺪْﻨِﻋ َﻦﻴﻄِﺴﻘُﻤﻟا ﱠنإ
اﻮﱡﻟُو ﺎﻣو ْﻢِﻬﻴﻠهَأو ْﻢِﻬِﻤْﻜُﺣ ﻲﻓ َنﻮُﻟِﺪْﻌﻳ َﻦﻳِﺬﱠﻟا
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ُﻩاور
`Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`as (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH)
"The just will be seated upon pulpits of light.'' Those who are fair with regards to their judgement and their
family and those who are under them.''
How will be the likeness of the pulpits of light? Although we are not aware of their reality, yet we
are supposed to have faith in them. We must also believe that these people
(just rulers)
will be under the shade of the
Throne or the Divine mercy, while people will be drenched in their sweat depending on their deeds. The Hadith
throws light on the excellence of justice and the high rank of those who do justice.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍﻚﻟﺎﻣ ﻦﺑ ِفﻮﻋ ﻦَﻋو
ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِلﻮﺳر ُﺖْﻌِﻤﺳ
ُلﻮﻘﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ
» ُرﺎَﻴِﺧ
ُﺗ َﻦﻳﺬﱠﻟا ﻢُﻜِﺘﱠﻤﺋَأ ُراَﺮِﺷو ، ْﻢُﻜْﻴَﻠﻋ َنﻮﱡﻠَﺼُﻳو ﻢِﻬْﻴَﻠﻋ َنﻮﱡﻠَﺼُﺗو ، ﻢُﻜﻧﻮﱡﺒﺤُﻳو ﻢُﻬﻧﻮﱡﺒِﺤُﺗ َﻦﻳﺬﱠﻟا ْﻢُﻜﺘَﻤﺋَأ
ﻢﻜﻧﻮﻨﻌﻠﻳو ْﻢُﻬَﻧﻮﻨُﻌْﻠَﺗو ، ْﻢُﻜَﻧﻮُﻀِﻐْﺒُﻳو
« لﺎﻗ :
َﻓَأ ، ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮُﺳر ﺎﻳ ﺎﻨْﻠُﻗ
َلﺎﻗ ؟ ْﻢُهُﺬِﺑﺎﻨُﻧ ﻼ
ُﻢُﻜﻴِﻓ اﻮُﻣﺎَﻗَأ ﺎﻣ ، ﻻ
ةﻼَﺼﻟا ُﻢُﻜﻴﻓ اﻮُﻣﺎَﻗَأ ﺎﻣ ، ﻻ ، َةﻼﱠﺼﻟا
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ .
ﻪﻟﻮﻗ :
ْﻢِﻬْﻴَﻠَﻋ َنﻮﱡﻠَﺼُﺗ
ْﻢُﻬﻟ َنﻮﻋْﺪَﺗ
`Auf bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"The best of your
rulers are those whom you love and who love you, and those who supplicate Allah in your favour and you supplicate
Allah in their favour. The worst of your rulers are those whom you hate and who hate you; and whom you curse and
who curse you.
'' It was asked (by those who were present): "Should not we oppose them?'' He said,
"No, as long as
they establish Salat; as long as they establish Salat in your midst.''
The Hadith identifies two categories of rulers. First, those rulers who are well-wishers of people and
provide them with justice. These are the best rulers for whom people also pray. Second, the worst rulers who are