Page 328 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﺔَﻔْﻳَﺬُﺣ ﻦﻋو
ذِإ ﺎﱠﻨآ
ْﻊَﻀَﻧ ﻢَﻟ ،ًﺎﻣﺎَﻌَﻃ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِلﻮﺳر ﻊﻣ ﺎَﻧْﺮَﻀﺣ ا
ﻩَﺪﻳ ﻊَﻀَﻴَﻓ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر َأﺪْﺒَﻳ ﻰﱠﺘﺣ ﺎَﻨﻳِﺪﻳَأ
ٌﺔَﻳِرﺎﺟ تَءﺎﺠﻓ ،ًﺎﻣﺎﻌَﻃ ًةﱠﺮَﻣ ُﻪﻌﻣ ﺎَﻧْﺮَﻀَﺣ ﺎﱠﻧِإَو
َهﺪَﻳ َﻊﻀَﺘﻟ ْﺖﺒَهَﺬَﻓ ،ُﻊَﻓْﺪُﺗ ﺎَﻬﱠﻧَﺄآ
ﱞﻲِﺑاﺮْﻋَأ َءﺎَﺟ ﱠﻢُﺛ ،ﺎَهِﺪﻴِﺑ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر َﺬَﺧَﺄَﻓ ،ِمﺎﻌﱠﻄﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺎ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ ،ِﻩِﺪﻴِﺑ َﺬَﺧَﺄَﻓ ، ُﻊَﻓْﺪُﻳ ﺎَﻤﱠﻧَﺄآ
ُﻢﺳا َﺮَآْﺬُﻳ ﻻ ْنَأ َمﺎﻌﱠﻄﻟا ﱡﻞِﺤَﺘْﺴَﻳ َنﺎﻄْﻴﱠﺸﻟا ﱠنِإ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻰﻟﺎَﻌَﺗ ِ
،ِﻪِﺑ ﱠﻞِﺤﺘَﺴﻴِﻟ ﱢﻲِﺑاَﺮْﻋَﻷا اﺬﻬﺑ َءﺎَﺠَﻓ ،ﺎَهِﺪﻴِﺑ ُتﺬَﺧَﺄَﻓ ،ﺎﻬِﺑ ﱠﻞِﺤَﺘْﺴﻴِﻟ ِﺔﻳِرﺎﺠﻟا ِﻩﺬﻬﺑ َءﺎﺟ ُﻪﱠﻧِإو
ﺎﻤِﻬْﻳﺪَﻳ َﻊَﻣ يﺪَﻳ ﻲﻓ ُﻩَﺪﻳ ﱠنِإ ِﻩِﺪَﻴِﺑ ﻲﺴﻔَﻧ يﺬﻟاو ،ِﻩِﺪﻴِﺑ ُتْﺬَﺧَﺄَﻓ
ﻞَآَأو ﻰﻟﺎﻌﺗ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻢﺳا َﺮَآَذ ﱠﻢُﺛ
ﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Hudhaifah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: When we attended a meal with the Messenger of Allah
(PBUH), we would not stretch forth our hands towards the food until he (PBUH) would start eating first. Once, we
were with him when a little girl rushed in as if someone was impelling her. She was about to lay her hand on the
food when the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) caught her hand. Then a bedouin came in rushing as if someone were
pushing him. He (PBUH) caught his hand also and said, "
Satan considers that food lawful for himself on which the
Name of Allah is not mentioned. He (Satan) brought this girl to make the food lawful through her but I caught her
hand. Then he brought the bedouin to make it lawful through him but I caught his hand too. By Him in Whose Hand
my soul is, now Satan's hand is in my grasp along with their hands.''
Then he mentioned the Name of Allah and
began to eat.
[Abu Dawud and An-Nasa'i].
Here, too, we are told that if we do not pronounce Allah's Name, Satan and his minions will share
our meal with us. So prior to eating, we must pronounce the Name of Allah. An incident is related in this Hadith.
Once, Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and his Companions were just to start taking their meal when an unknown girl
and a bedouin burst upon the scene. Without seeking the formal permission and pronouncing the Name of Allah they
hurriedly stretched their hands to eat. Yet, Messenger of Allah (PBUH) restrained them from doing so. Owing to
Divine inspiration, he had seen the hidden hand of the Devil behind their abrupt actions. We have only one way to
escape the Devil, that is, on such occasions we should first pronounce the Name of Allah. Second, this Hadith
enlightens us on table manners calling for decency and decorum. It will be called an act of sheer indecency to
voraciously pounce upon food as is commonly witnessed in feasts and weddings. Indeed, it is the result of deviation
from Islamic teachings that many Muslims have grown ignorant of the Prophet's manner of eating. Allah, too, has
left them unrestrained in their beast-like hunger.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ﱢﻲﺑﺎﺤﱠﺼﻟا ﱟﻲِﺸْﺨﻣ ِﻦﺑ َﺔﱠﻴﻣُأ ﻦﻋو
،ًﺎﺴﻟﺎﺟ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر نﺎآ
لﺎﻗ ،ِﻪﻴِﻓ ﻰﻟِإ ﺎﻬﻌَﻓَر ﺎﱠﻤَﻠَﻓ ، ٌﺔﻤْﻘُﻟ ِﻪِﻣﺎَﻌَﻃ ْﻦِﻣ َﻖْﺒﻳ ْﻢَﻟ ﻰﱠﺘَﺣ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱢﻢﺴُﻳ ْﻢَﻠَﻓ ، ُﻞُآْﺄﻳ ٌﻞُﺟَرو
ُﻪَﻟﱠوَأ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻢﺴﺑ
لﺎﻗ ﻢﺛ ،ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱡﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا َﻚِﺤَﻀَﻓ
ﻲﻓ ﺎَﻣ َءﺎَﻘْﺘﺳا ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻢﺳا ﺮَآَذ ﺎﱠﻤﻠَﻓ ،ُﻪَﻌَﻣ ُﻞُآْﺄَﻳ ُنﺎَﻄْﻴﱠﺸﻟا َلاَز ﺎَﻣ
ِﻪِﻨﻄَﺑ «.
ﻲﺋﺎﺴﻨﻟاو ،دواد ﻮﺑأ ﻩاور
ﻒﻴﻌﺿ ] (
ﻪﻴﻓ :
لﻮﻬﺠﻣ ﻮهو ، ﻲﻋاﺰﺨﻟا ﻦﻤﺣﺮﻟا ﺪﺒﻋ ﻦﺑ ﻰﻨﺜﻤﻟا
. [
Umaiyyah bin Makhshi (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was sitting
while a man was eating food. That man did not mention the Name of Allah (before commencing to eat) till only a
morsel of food was left. When he raised it to his mouth, he said: "Bismillah awwalahu wa akhirahu (With the Name
of Allah, in the beginning and in the end).'' Messenger of Allah (PBUH) smiled at this and said,
"Satan had been
eating with him but when he mentioned the Name of Allah, Satan vomited all that was in his stomach.''
[Abu Dawud and An-Nasa'i].
This Hadith also informs us that Satan shares food and drink with those people who do not mention
the Name of Allah.
ْﺖَﻟﺎﻗ ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر َﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ ﻦﻋو
ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر َنﺎآ
ْﻦِﻣ ٍﺔﱠﺘِﺳ ﻲﻓ ًﺎﻣﺎَﻌَﻃ ُﻞُآْﺄَﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ُلﻮﺳر لﺎﻘﻓ ِﻦْﻴَﺘَﻤْﻘُﻠِﺑ ُﻪَﻠَآَﺄَﻓ ،ٌﻲﺑاﺮْﻋَأ َءﺎَﺠَﻓ ،ِﻪِﺑﺎَﺤﺻَأ
ْﻢُآﺎَﻔَﻜَﻟ ﻰﱠﻤَﺳ ْﻮﻟ ُﻪﱠﻧِإ ﺎﻣ
« .
لﺎﻗو ،يﺬﻣﺮﺘﻟا
ٌﺢﻴﺤﺻ ٌﻦﺴﺣ ٌﺚﻳﺪﺣ
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was eating with his six
Companions when a desert Arab came and ate up the food in two mouthfuls. Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Had he mentioned the Name of Allah, it would have sufficed for all of you.''
The pronouncement of Allah's Name brings blessing to the meal, and the omission of His Name robs
blessing away.