Page 477 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: When the Messenger of Allah (PBUH)
perceived a tendency among his Companions to stand in the back rows, he said to them, "
Come forward and be
close to me and let those who come after you, follow your lead. If people continue to fall behind (i.e., in acquiring
virtues), Allah puts them behind
In the context of the chapter, this Hadith tells us that the Prophet (PBUH) disliked those who
occupied a place in the rear rows in Salat offered in congregation, and exhorted people to find a place in the front
rows for the reason that by virtue of that place they could closely observe his manner of offering Salat and emulate
him, while people in the rear rows could emulate those who were in front of them. In this connection, he used a
sentence which has become very common and can also apply to other matters besides Salat. One should not lag
behind in the acquisition of knowledge and practice and in matters of merit and honour because those who lag
behind in such matters are also pushed back by Allah, while those who strive hard to acquire merit and honour are
helped by Allah and He makes their way convenient.
This Hadith also stresses the need to stand close to the Imam and has an inducement for excelling each other in
لﺎﻗ ، ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، ٍدﻮﻌﺴﻣ ﻲﺑَأ ﻦﻋو
ﻲﻓ ﺎَﻨَﺒِآﺎﻨَﻣ ُﺢﺴْﻤَﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر َنﺎآ
ُلﻮُﻘﻳو ، ِةﻼﱠﺼﻟا
، ْﻢُﻜُﺑﻮُﻠُﻗ َﻒِﻠَﺘْﺨَﺘﻓ اﻮﻔِﻠﺘﺨَﺗ ﻻو اوُﻮﺘْﺳا
َﻦﻳﺬﻟا ﱠﻢﺛ ، ﻰَﻬﱡﻨﻟاو ِمﻼْﺣَﻷا اﻮُﻟوُأ ﻢُﻜْﻨِﻣ ﻲﻨﻴِﻠﻴِﻟ
ْﻢﻬَﻧﻮُﻠَﻳ ﻦﻳِﺬﻟا ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ْﻢﻬَﻧﻮُﻠﻳ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Abu Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to gently pat
our shoulders when we were standing in rows at the time of Salat and say, "
Keep (the rows) straight; do not differ
from each other lest your hearts should suffer from discord. Let those of you who are mature and prudent be nearer
to me, and then those who are next to them
To gently pat our shoulders
'' means that he would set their shoulders right to straighten the row.
"Do not differ from each other'' here means that they should stand shoulder to shoulder and ankle to ankle in a
straight line. The reason is that disorder will have a spiritual effect and will create discord. The latter would
eventually result in the domination of enmity. Thus, we learn from this Hadith that the Imam should stress on his
followers the importance of setting their rows straight; and if his exhortation fails, he should go to them personally
and set their lines in order. We also learn from this Hadith that men known for wisdom, knowledge and piety should
stand in the first row and these should be followed by those who come next to them in these virtues.
لﺎﻗ ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍﺲﻧَأ ﻦﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر لﺎﻗ
ﱠنﺈَﻓ ، ْﻢُﻜَﻓﻮُﻔُﺻ اوﱡﻮَﺳ
ِةﻼﱠﺼﻟا ِمﺎﻤَﺗ ْﻦِﻣ ﱢﻒﱠﺼﻟا َﺔﻳِﻮْﺴَﺗ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ﻟا ﺔﻣﺎَﻗِإ ﻦِﻣ ِفﻮُﻔﱡﺼﻟا َﺔَﻳِﻮﺴَﺗ ﱠنﺈﻓ
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
Keep your rows
straight (during Salat in congregation), for keeping the rows straight is part of the perfection of Salat
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith also highlights the importance of setting the rows straight. In fact, this is part of the
perfection of Salat. In other words, Salat in congregation does not become perfect without setting the rows in order.
لﺎﻗ ُﻪْﻨَﻋو
َلﺎَﻘﻓ ِﻪِﻬْﺟَﻮِﺑ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر ﺎَﻨﻴﻠَﻋ ﻞَﺒﻗَﺄﻓ ، ُةﻼﱠﺼﻟا ِﺖَﻤ
» اﻮُﻤﻴِﻗَأ
يِﺮْﻬَﻇ ِءاَرَو ْﻦِﻣ ْﻢُآارَأ ﻲﱢﻧﺈَﻓ ، اﻮﱡﺻاﺮَﺗو ْﻢُﻜَﻓﻮُﻔُﺻ
ُﻩﺎَﻨْﻌﻤﺑ ٌﻢِﻠْﺴُﻣو ، ِﻪِﻈْﻔَﻠِﺑ ﱡيرﺎَﺨُﺒﻟا ُﻩاور
ﱢيِرﺎَﺨُﺒﻠﻟ ٍﺔﻳاَوِر ﻲﻓو
ِﻪِﻣﺪَﻘِﺑ ﻪِﻣَﺪَﻗو ِﻪِﺒِﺣﺎﺻ ِﺐِﻜْﻨﻤِﺑ ُﻪَﺒِﻜﻨَﻣ ُقَﺰْﻠَﻳ ﺎَﻧُﺪﺣَأ َنﺎَآ
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: When the Iqamah had been announced, the Messenger of
Allah (PBUH) turned his face towards us and said: "
Make your rows straight and stand close together, for I can see
you from behind my back
This Hadith mentions a miracle of the Prophet (PBUH), namely that he could see people standing in
the back rows when he was leading the Salat in congregation. But it does not mean that he was always capable of
doing so, as is being impressed by certain people. The true position is that it was a miracle which happened with the
Will of Allah at the time when the Prophet (PBUH) was leading the Salat in congregation. It must be borne in mind
that a miracle happens with the Will of Allah only. It is not at all in the power of the Prophet (PBUH). Had he been
capable of working a miracle on his own, he would have shown it at his own pleasure. But no Prophet was ever
capable of it, nor was the Prophet (PBUH) an exception to this rule.