Page 478 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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The second point that we learn from this Hadith is that of setting the rows straight, which, in practical terms, means
that those who stand up for offering Salat in congregation must stand so close to each other that their shoulders and
feet are in touch. The Prophet (PBUH) used the word "
" to describe this position which means that they
should stand like a brick wall, each unit of which is riveted with the other. This is the meaning which the
Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) understood from it and this is what they actually practised. Many people
nowadays do not stand in Salat shoulder to shoulder and foot to foot. Some people dislike this practice. May Allah
grant guidance to the Muslims so that they can offer Salat according to the Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH).
لﺎﻗ ، ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ، ٍﺮﻴﺸﺑ ِﻦﺑ ِنﺎَﻤْﻌﱡﻨﻟا ِﻦَﻋَو
ُلﻮﻘﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ُﺖﻌﻤﺳ
ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱠﻦَﻔِﻟﺎَﺨُﻴﻟ ْوَأ ، ْﻢُﻜَﻓﻮُﻔُﺻ ﱠنﱡﻮﺴُﺘَﻟ
ْﻢُﻜِهﻮُﺟو َﻦْﻴَﺑ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ٍﻢﻠﺴﻤﻟ ٍﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
َحاَﺪِﻘﻟا ﺎَﻬﺑ يّﻮَﺴُﻳ ﺎﻤﱠﻧَﺄآ ﻰﱠﺘﺣ ، ﺎَﻨَﻓﻮُﻔُﺻ يﱢﻮَﺴُﻳ َنﺎآ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ﱠنَأ
ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﺎَﻨْﻠَﻘَﻋ ﺪَﻗ ﺎﱠﻧأ ىَأَر ﻰﱠﺘَﺣ ،
َﻜُﻳ َدﺎَآ ﻰﱠﺘَﺣ َمﺎَﻘَﻓ ًﺎﻣْﻮَﻳ جَﺮَﺧ ﱠﻢُﺛ
َلﺎﻘﻓ ﱢﻒﱠﺼﻟا َﻦِﻣ ُﻩُرْﺪﺻ ًﺎﻳِدﺎَﺑ ﻼُﺟر ىَأَﺮَﻓ ، ُﺮﱢﺒ
ْﻢُﻜهﻮُﺟو َﻦْﻴﺑ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱠﻦَﻔِﻟﺎَﺨُﻴَﻟ ْوَأ ، ْﻢُﻜَﻓﻮُﻔُﺻ ﱠنﱡﻮَﺴُﺘَﻟ ، ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َدﺎَﺒِﻋ
An-Nu`man bin Bashir (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH)
saying, "
Straighten your rows; otherwise, Allah will create dissension among you
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
The narration in Muslim is: An-Nu`man bin Bashir (May Allah be pleased with them) said: The Messenger of Allah
(PBUH) directed us to keep our rows as straight as arrows. He continued stressing this until he realized that we had
learnt it from him (
recognized its significance
). One day he came into the mosque and stood up. He was just about to
say Takbir (Allah is Greater) when he noticed a man whose chest was projected from the row, so he said, "
O slaves
of Allah, you must straighten your rows or Allah will certainly put your faces in opposite directions
This Hadith has been mentioned earlier and is repeated here for its being germane to this chapter.
Put your faces in opposite directions
'' signifies that "
Allah will create enmity in you
'', which will create dissension
rather than unity, weakness rather than strength and power, and the Muslims will then be overwhelmed with the fear
and terror of their enemies. This phrase can also have a literal meaning, that is in consequence of confusion in your
ranks, Allah will turn your face towards the napes of your necks and distort them. May Allah save the Muslims from
both these punishments.
َلﺎﻗ ، ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، ٍبزﺎﻋ ِﻦﺑ ِءاَﺮﺒﻟا ِﻦﻋو
ُﻞﱠﻠﺨﺘَﻳ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر َنﺎآ
ُلﻮﻘﻳو ، ﺎَﻨَﺒِآﺎﻨَﻣَو ، ﺎَﻧَروُﺪُﺻ ُﺢَﺴﻤَﻳ ، ٍﺔَﻴِﺣﺎَﻧ ﻰﻟِإ ٍﺔَﻴِﺣﺎَﻧ ْﻦِﻣ ﱠﻒﱠﺼﻟا
ْﻢُﻜُﺑﻮُﻠُﻗ َﻒِﻠَﺘْﺨَﺘَﻓ اﻮُﻔِﻠَﺘْﺨَﺗ ﻻ
ُﻘَﻳ َنﺎَآو
ِلَوُﻷا ِفﻮُﻔﱡﺼﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ َنﻮﱡﻠَﺼُﻳ ُﻪَﺘَﻜِﺋﻼَﻣَو ﻪﱠﻠﻟا نإ
ٍﻦَﺴَﺣ دﺎﻨﺳِﺈﺑ دواد ﻮﺑأ ﻩاور
Al-Bara' bin `Azib (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to pass
between the rows from one end to the other, touching our chest and shoulders (i.e., arranging the rows) in line and
saying, "
Do not be out of line; otherwise your hearts will be in disagreement''. He would add, "Allah and His angels
invoke blessings upon the first rows
[Abu Dawud].
ا ﻦَﻋو
َلﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ﱠنَأ ، ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر َﺮﻤُﻋ ﻦﺑ
َفﻮُﻔﱡﺼﻟا اﻮُﻤﻴِﻗَأ
َﺻو ْﻦَﻣو ،ِنﺎﻄْﻴﺸﻠﻟ ٍتﺎَﺟُﺮَﻓ اوُرَﺬَﺗ ﻻَو ، ْﻢُﻜِﻧاَﻮْﺧِإ يِﺪْﻳَﺄِﺑ اﻮُﻨﻴِﻟَو ،َﻞَﻠَﺨﻟا اوﱡﺪُﺳو ،ﺐِآﺎَﻨﻤﻟا َﻦﻴَﺑ اوُذﺎَﺣَو
ﺎﻔَﺻ َﻞ
ﱠﻠﻟا ُﻪَﻠَﺻَو
ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﻪﻌَﻄَﻗ ﺎﻔَﺻ َﻊَﻄَﻗ ْﻦَﻣَو ، ﻪ
ٍﺢﻴﺤﺻ دﺎﻨﺳِﺈﺑ دواد ﻮﺑأ ﻩاور
Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
Arrange the
rows in order, stand shoulder to shoulder, close the gaps, be accommodating to your brothers, and do not leave gaps
for Satan. Whoever joins up a row, he will be joined to Allah (i.e., to the Mercy of Allah); and whoever cuts off a
row, he will be cut off from Allah (i.e., from His Mercy)
[Abu Dawud].
This Hadith also tells us about the straightening of rows. Here the phrase "
be accommodating to your
'' means that one must cooperate with him who tries to set the rows in order, and rather than feeling
annoyance on his action, one should happily set the rows right according to his instructions.
This Hadith tells us that leaving gaps in rows amounts to leaving space for Satan to get in them. To join rows means
that no space should be left between the two persons who stand in a line. Similarly, a second row should not be
started without completing the first one. To break a row means to leave space in it or start the second row without
completing the first."
Break him and Join him
" can be the words of prayer as well as imprecation, for what they
mean is "
May Allah join him or break him.
'' This is a prayer from the Prophet (PBUH) for the person who
straightens the rows as well as an imprecation for the one who breaks the rows.