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Chapter 227
ءﺎﻋﻮﺳﺎﺗو ءارﻮﺷﺎﻋو ﺔﻓﺮﻋ مﻮﻳ مﻮﺻ ﻞﻀﻓ بﺎﺑ
The Excellence of Observing Saum on the Day of 'Arafah, 'Ashura' and
Tasu'a (i.e., 9th of Muharram)
َلﺎﻗ ، ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲِﺿر َةدﺎَﺘﻗ ﻲﺑَأ ْﻦﻋ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر ﻞِﺌﺳ
ْﻮﻳ ِمْﻮَﺻ ْﻦَﻋ
؟ َﺔَﻓَﺮَﻋ ِم
لﺎﻗ :
َﺔَﻴِﻗﺎَﺒﻟاَو َﺔﻴِﺿﺎَﻤﻟا َﺔَﻨﱠﺴﻟا ُﺮﱢﻔﻜﻳ
ٌﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Abu Qatadah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was asked about
the observance of Saum (fasting) on the day of `Arafah. He said, "
It is an expiation for the sins of the preceding year
and the current year
The ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah is called Yaum-`Arafah . On this day, pilgrims stop and stand in
prayers at `Arafat which is the most important ritual of Hajj, so much so that Hajj is deemed incomplete without it.
On that day, the pilgrims are engaged in the remembrance of Allah and prayers as that is their most important
worship on that day. For this reason, Saum is not desirable for them, but for other people, Saum has a special merit.
The importance and merit of this Saum can be judged from the fact that it expiates sins for two consecutive years:
the previous year and the current year. But these sins relate only to the minor sins, not the major ones, or become a
means of elevation of one's status.
َﺮَﻣَأو ، َءارﻮﺷﺎﻋ َمْﻮﻳ َمﺎَﺻ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳَر ﱠنَأ ، ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ٍسﺎﺒﻋ ِﻦﺑا ْﻦﻋو
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) observed Saum
(fasting) on the day of `Ashura' and commanded us to fast on this day
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
`Ashura' 10th of Muharram. In another Hadith, it is stated that when the Prophet (PBUH) emigrated
from Makkah to Al-Madinah, he saw that the Jews were fasting on this day. He asked them why they did this on that
day, and they told him that they did it for the reason that Allah granted Prophet Musa emancipation from Pharaoh on
this day, and so they observed Saum in token of their joy. On this, he (PBUH) said that in this happiness of Prophet
Musa, Muslims have a greater right to observe Saum than the Jews. Consequently, he also observed Saum on 10th
of Muharram. Then, he said that if he lived the following year, he would observe Saum on 9th of Muharram also so
that they would make themselves different from the Jews. According to another Hadith, he (PBUH) ordained the
Muslims to observe Saum on `Ashura' and in addition one more Saum on 9th or 11th of Muharram in opposition to
the Jews. (Musnad Ahmad, Vol.4, P-21, edited by Ahmad Shakir; and Mujamma` Az-Zawaid, Vol.3, P-188). Thus
observance of two Saum on this occasion is a Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH). These two Saum can be observed
either on 9th and 10th or 10th and 11th of Muharram. It is regrettable indeed that present-day Muslims do not follow
this Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH) and instead observe the baseless practices of mourning assemblies (Majalis),
which is a grave sin practised by Shi`ah.
ِءارﻮُﺷﺎﻋ ِمْﻮَﻳ ِمﺎَﻴِﺻ ْﻦَﻋ َﻞِﺌُﺳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ﱠنَأ ، ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر َةدﺎَﺘَﻗ ﻲﺑَأ ْﻦﻋو
لﺎَﻘَﻓ :
َﺔَﻴِﺿﺎَﻤﻟا َﺔَﻨﱠﺴﻟا ُﺮﱢﻔَﻜُﻳ
ٌﻢِﻠْﺴُﻣ ﻩاور
Abu Qatadah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was asked about
observing As-Saum (the fast) on the tenth day of Muharram, and he replied, "
It is an expiation for the sins of the
preceding year
َلﺎَﻗ ، ﺎَﻤُﻬْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر ٍسﺎﱠﺒَﻋ ِﻦﺑا ِﻦَﻋو
ُﺳر َلﺎﻗ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮ
ﻰﻟِإ ُﺖﻴِﻘَﺑ ْﻦِﺌَﻟ
َﻊِﺳﺎﱠﺘﻟا ﱠﻦَﻣﻮُﺻﻷ ٍﻞِﺑﺎَﻗ
ٌﻢِﻠْﺴُﻣ ُﻩاور