Page 545 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
If I remain
alive till the next year, I shall also observe fast on the ninth of Muharram
Some people think these words stand to mean that `he will observe Saum on the 9th of Muharram
only. But this interpretation does not agree with other Ahadith. In order to oppose the Jews, he (PBUH) resolved to
observe one more Saum with that of 10th of Muharram and ordained it for the Muslims. In this connection, we have
quoted above the authority from Musnad Ahmad. Hence, the meanings we have given in the translation of the text
are correct.