Page 553 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Mabrur (an accepted pilgrimage
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith points out the fact that Hajj is one of the most prominent religious acts, provided it is
done sincerely and keeping oneself away from sins. Some people have interpreted the word "
Hajj Mabrur
'' as an
accepted Hajj. They say that the sign of an accepted Hajj is that one becomes a true worshipper of Allah, which he
was previously not.
َلﺎﻗ ُﻪْﻨَﻋَو
ُلﻮﻘَﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳر ُﺖْﻌِﻤَﺳ
ﻊَﺟر ، ْﻖُﺴْﻔﻳ ﻢَﻟَو ، ْﺚُﻓْﺮﻳ ﻢَﻠَﻓ ﱠﺞﺣ ْﻦﻣ
ُﻪﱡﻣُأ ُﻪْﺗﺪَﻟو ِمﻮَﻴَآ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
performs Hajj (pilgrimage) and does not have sexual relations (with his wife), nor commits sin, nor disputes unjustly
(during Hajj), then he returns from Hajj as pure and free from sins as on the day on which his mother gave birth to
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
The true meanings of "
'' sexual intercourse but it also signifies obscene and frivolous talk and
the expression of sexual desire to one's wife. Since coition with one's wife is forbidden during Hajj, so conversation
with her on this subject or talking for amusement is also disliked. "
'' means disobedience of Allah and
quarrelling with people. One must avoid both of them during Hajj. The Hajj which is performed with all these
restrictions, has the merit that one is totally purged of sins. But this purification is from sins which come in the
category of minor sins and which relate to the Rights of Allah. Major sins relating to the Rights of Allah and lapses
in respect of the rights of people are not pardoned without sincere repentance and compensation to the aggrieved.
َلﺎﻗ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ﱠنَأ ُﻪْﻨَﻋو
ﱡﺞﺤﻟاو ، ﺎﻤُﻬﻨْﻴﺑ ﺎﻤﻟ ٌةرﺎﱠﻔَآ ةِﺮْﻤُﻌﻟا ﻰﻟإ ةَﺮْﻤُﻌﻟا
َﻟ ُروُﺮﺒَﻤﻟا
َﺔﱠﻨَﺠﻟا ﱠﻻإ ٌءاَﺰﺟ ُﻪﻟ ﺲﻴ
ِﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "(
performance of) `Umrah is an expiation for the sins committed between it and the previous `Umrah; and the reward
of Hajj Mabrur (i.e., one accepted) is nothing but Jannah
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith tells us that the merit of `Umrah is that it is an expiation for sins. But this, too, is an
expiation for minor sins. `Umrah includes assuming Ihram, circumambulation of Ka`bah, going between As-Safa
and Al-Marwah and Halq or Taqsir (
shaving of head or cutting hair
). Whether or not `Umrah is an obligation like
Hajj is arguable among the `Ulama'. Some people, like Imam As-Shafi`i, hold that it is obligatory; others like the
followers of the Hanafi school of thought regard it Sunnah Mu`akkadah; still others think it to be voluntary. Imam
Al-Bukhari is inclined to the first view which is also endorsed by sayings of some Companions of the Prophet
(PBUH) about which some Muhaddithun (
scholars of Hadith
) have even claimed that these sayings are Mausul, the
chain of narrators reaches up to the Prophet (PBUH). (
For further details, please see Fath Al-Bari
.) Otherwise, the
view that it is non-obligatory is preferable.
ْﺖَﻟﺎَﻗ ، ﺎَﻬْﻨَﻋ ﷲا ﻲﺿر ، َﺔَﺸِﺋﺎَﻋ ْﻦَﻋَو
؟ ُﺪِهﺎﺠُﻧ ﻼَﻓأ ، ِﻞﻤﻌﻟا َﻞَﻀﻓَأ َدﺎَﻬِﺠﻟا ىﺮَﻧ ، ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳَر ﺎﻳ ُﺖْﻠُﻗ
َلﺎَﻘَﻓ :
ِدﺎَﻬِﺠﻟا ُﻞَﻀﻓَأ ْﻦِﻜﻟ
ٌروُﺮﺒﻣ ﱞﺞَﺣ
ﱡيرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ُﻩاور
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: I said: "O Messenger of Allah! We consider Jihad as the
best deed, should we not then go for Jihad?'' The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
The best Jihad for you women
is Hajj Mabrur (i.e., one accepted by Allah
In ordinary circumstances, Hajj is the best of Jihad for women because in Islam, politics, economy,
government, military affairs etc., come in the purview of men and men alone. Women are exempted from all such
matters. However, in case of war, if the need arises, women can be engaged for supply of food, first-aid of the
wounded etc., on the internal front, provided they can do such works without crossing the bounds of the Islamic-type
veil. But imparting military training to women and dispatching them to war front are sheer imitations of the western
nations for which there is no scope in the teachings of Islam. This Hadith also confirms this view.