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Book Twelve: The Book of Knowledge
ﻢﻠﻌﻟا بﺎﺘآ
Chapter 241
Virtues of Knowledge which is Learnt and Taught for the sake of Allah
Allah, the Exalted, says:
"And say: `My Rubb! Increase me in knowledge.''
"Are those who know equal to those who know not?'''
"Allah will exalt in degree those of you who believe, and those who have been granted knowledge.''
"It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allah.''
لﺎﻗ ، ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، َﺔﻳِوﺎﻌُﻣ ْﻦَﻋو
َﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر لﺎَﻗ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴ
ًاﺮْﻴﺧ ِﻪِﺑ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا دِﺮُﻳ ْﻦَﻣ
ِﻦﻳﱢﺪﻟا ﻲﻓ ُﻪْﻬﱢﻘَﻔُﻳ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Mu`awiyah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah said, "
When Allah wishes
good for someone, He bestows upon him the understanding of Deen
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Knowledge and understanding of Deen (religion) here stands for the understanding of the Qur'an and
Hadith, religious injunctions, and knowledge of the lawful and the unlawful. This Hadith highlights the excellence
of knowledge and the fact that it is a sign of Allah's Help to the person who possesses it and acts upon it.
لﺎَﻗ ، ﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، ٍدﻮُﻌْﺴﻣ ِﻦﺑا ْﻦﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر لﺎَﻗ
ﻲﻓ ﱠﻻإ ﺪَﺴَﺣ ﻻ
، ﺎَﻬِﺑ ﻲِﻀْﻘَﻳ َﻮُﻬﻓ َﺔَﻤْﻜِﺤﻟا ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﻩﺎﺗﺁ ٌﻞُﺟَرو ، ﱢﻖَﺤﻟا ﻲﻓ ِﻪِﺘَﻜَﻠه ﻰﻠَﻋ ُﻪﻄﱠﻠﺴَﻓ ًﻻﺎَﻣ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﻩﺎَﺗﺁ ٌﻞُﺟَر
ِﻪﻴﻠَﻋ ٌﻖَﻔﱠﺘُﻣ
ُﻪَﻠْﺜﻣ ﻰﱠﻨﻤَﺘﻳ ْنأ َﻮُهَو ، ُﺔَﻄْﺒِﻐْﻟا ِﺪﺴﺤﻟﺎﺑ ُداﺮﻤﻟاو
Ibn Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said,
"Envy is permitted only in
two cases: A man whom Allah gives wealth, and he disposes of it rightfully, and a man to whom Allah gives
knowledge which he applies and teaches it
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
According to Imam An-Nawawi's explanation, the word Hasad (jealousy) is used in the sense of
Ghibtah i.e., envy. In Islam, jealousy is forbidden and is held unlawful. The reason being that one who is jealous
wants that the person, who possesses the quality of which he is jealous, be deprived of that quality. Envy is
permissible for the reason that when one seems that a person has been graced by Allah with certain gifts and
qualities, he also desires to be blessed with those gifts. In the latter case, he does not grumble and grieve but eagerly
prays to Allah for those gifts. `Knowledge' here stands for the knowledge of the Qur'an and Hadith because this
knowledge alone is beneficial for man, and it is through this knowledge that correct judgements can be made among
the people. This Hadith has an inducement for acquiring useful knowledge along with wealth to spend in the ways
ordained by Allah.
لﺎﻗ ، ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، ﻰﺳﻮُﻣ ﻲﺑأ ْﻦَﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻲﺒﻨﻟا َلﺎَﻗ
ِﻪِﺑ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲِﻨَﺜﻌﺑ ﺎَﻣ ُﻞَﺜَﻣ
َءﺎَﻤﻟا ِﺖَﻠِﺒَﻗ ٌﺔَﺒﱢﻴَﻃ ٌﺔَﻔﺋﺎَﻃ ﺎَﻬْﻨِﻣ ْﺖَﻧﺎَﻜَﻓ ، ًﺎﺿْرأ بﺎﺻأ ٍﺚْﻴَﻏ ﻞَﺜَﻤَآ ِﻢْﻠِﻌْﻟاو ىﺪُﻬﻟا َﻦِﻣ
ﺐْﺸُﻌْﻟاَو ، َﻸَﻜْﻟا ِﺖَﺘَﺒْﻧَﺄَﻓ
ُﻋَرَزو اْﻮَﻘَﺳَو ﺎَﻬْﻨِﻣ اﻮُﺑِﺮَﺸَﻓ ،َسﺎﱠﻨﻟا ﺎَﻬِﺑ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻊَﻔَﻨَﻓ ، َءﺎَﻤﻟا ِﺖَﻜَﺴﻣأ ُبِدﺎَﺟأ ﺎَﻬْﻨِﻣ َنﺎَآَو ، َﺮﻴِﺜَﻜْﻟا
بﺎَﺻَأو ، اﻮ
، ًﻸَآ ُﺖِﺒْﻨُﺗو ، ًءﺎَﻣ ُﻚِﺴْﻤﺗ ﻻ ، ٌنﺎﻌﻴِﻗ ﻲِه ﺎﻤﱠﻧإ ىﺮْﺧُأ ﺎَﻬْﻨِﻣ ًﺔَﻔﺋﺎَﻃ
ﺎﻣ ُﻪَﻌَﻔَﻧَو ، ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﻦﻳِد ﻲﻓ َﻪُﻘَﻓ ْﻦﻣ ُﻞَﺜﻣ َﻚﻟﺬَﻓ
ِﺳْرُأ يﺬﱠﻟا ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ىَﺪُه ْﻞَﺒْﻘَﻳ ْﻢَﻟَو ، ًﺎﺳأر َﻚﻟﺬِﺑ ْﻊَﻓْﺮَﻳ ْﻢَﻟ ْﻦﻣ ُﻞَﺜَﻣَو ،َﻢﱠﻠﻋَو َﻢِﻠﻌَﻓ ِﻪِﺑ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲِﻨَﺜَﻌَﺑ
ِﻪِﺑ ُﺖْﻠ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Musa (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
The guidance
and knowledge with which Allah has sent me are like abundant rain which fell on a land. A fertile part of it absorbed
the water and brought forth profuse herbage and pasture; and solid ground patches which retained the water by
which Allah has benefited people, who drank from it, irrigated their crops and sowed their seeds; and another sandy
plane which could neither retain the water nor produce herbage. Such is the similitude of the person who becomes
well-versed in the religion of Allah and receives benefit from the Message entrusted to me by Allah, so he himself
has learned and taught it to others; such is also the similitude of the person who has stubbornly and ignorantly