Page 646 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

Basic HTML Version

Chapter 256
ﺔﺒﻴﻐﻟا ﻦﻣ حﺎﺒﻳ ﺎﻣ نﺎﻴﺑ بﺎﺑ
Some cases where it is permissible to Backbite
Backbiting is permissible only for valid reasons approved by Shari`ah. These reasons are as follows
1. It is permissible for an oppressed person to speak before the judge or someone in a similar position of authority to
help him or her establish his or her rights by telling him `so-and-so wronged me and has done such and such to me'
2. It is permissible to seek somebody's assistance in forbidding evil and helping someone change his or her immoral
conduct. One can say to the person who can offer such assistance, `so-and-so does such and such evil deeds. Can
you exhort him?' etc. This is permissible as long as one intends to forbid evil. If, however, one intends something
else apart from this, then this act becomes unlawful.
3. One who seeks legal verdict on a certain matter may point out the defaults of another person or relate something
else. One in this case can say to the Mufti (religious scholar who issues verdicts): "
My father or brother (for
example) treated me unjustly. Can I get my right established
?'' etc. This is permissible to say only if need be, but it is
better to say `What do you think of someone who did such and such?' This does not mean, however, that naming the
person in question is not permissible, Hadith No. 1536 makes this point clear.
4. One who criticizes those who openly commit acts of disobedience, such as drinking wine, gambling, engaging in
immoral habits, fornication, hypocrisy, and making mischief.
5. It is permissible to call into question the narrators of Hadith, and witnesses in the court when the need arises. It is
also permissible to mention the bad qualities of somebody for marriage purposes in case an advice is sought. Also, if
one has noticed that a "
seeker of knowledge'
' frequently goes to the gatherings of an innovator in religion and one
fears that this "seeker of knowledge'' may be affected by this so-called scholar, then he must in this case give
counsel to the "seeker of knowledge'' by telling him about the "
,'' etc.
6. It is permissible to use names such as "
'' which means `the blear-eyed' to talk about people who are
known by such names for the sake of identification and not for disparaging people and underestimating them. To
identify them without resorting to such names is however better.
ْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﺔَﺸِﺋﺎَﻋ ْﻦَﻋ
َلﺎَﻘﻓ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﻰﻠَﻋ نَذْﺄﺘﺳا ًﻼُﺟَر نأ ﺎَﻬ
،ُﻪﻟ اﻮُﻧَﺬﺋا
؟ ِةَﺮﻴِﺸﻌﻟا ﻮﺧأ ﺲﺌﺑ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ِﺐﻳﱢﺮﻟا ِﻞهأو ِدﺎﺴﻔﻟا ِﻞهأ ِﺔﺒﻴﻏ ِزاﻮَﺟ ﻲﻓ يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ِﻪﺑ ﱠﺞَﺘْﺣا
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) said: A man sought permission for audience with the Prophet
(PBUH). He said, "
Give him permission but he is a bad member of his tribe
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Imam Al-Bukhari has obviously justified the backbiting of wicked people to save people from being
deceived from their appearance. If people are not informed of the real conduct of such persons, their religious as
well as worldly life will be exposed to a grave danger. For this reason, the backbiting of wicked persons for the
purpose of warning others is permissible.
ْﺖَﻟﺎَﻗ ﺎَﻬْﻨﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر َلﺎَﻗ
ًﺎﺌْﻴَﺷ ﺎﻨﻨﻳد ْﻦِﻣ ِنﺎَﻓِﺮﻌﻳ ًﺎﻧﻼُﻓو ًﺎﻧﻼُﻓ ﻦُﻇَأ ﺎَﻣ
ﱡيرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
ِﺚﻳِﺪَﺤﻟا اﺬه ِةاوُر ُﺪﺣأ ٍﺪْﻌﺳ ُﻦﺑ ُﺚﻴﻠﻟا لﺎﻗ
َﻨُﻤﻟا َﻦِﻣ ﺎَﻧﺎَآ ِنﻼُﺟﱠﺮﻟا ِناَﺬه
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
I do not think that so-
and-so understands anything of our Faith.
Al-Bukhari said: Al-Laith bin Sa`d, who is one of the narrators of this Hadith, said: The two men mentioned by the
Prophet (PBUH) in this Hadith were hypocrites (i.e., they revealed Faith and concealed disbelief).
Hypocrites are also people of mischievous and doubtful conduct. It is, therefore, not only permissible
but necessary to make people aware of their real position so that people become cautious about them and their
religious and worldly life may remain safe from their machinations.