Page 647 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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ْﺖَﻟﺎَﻗ ﺎﻬْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍﺲْﻴَﻗ ِﺖْﻨﺑ َﺔﻤِﻃﺎَﻓ ْﻦﻋو
ﺖﻠﻘﻓ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻲﺒﻨﻟا ُﺖْﻴﺗَأ
ﺎﺑأ ﱠنإ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر لﺎﻘﻓ ؟ ﻲﻧﺎﺒﻄَﺧ َﺔﻳِوﺎﻌُﻣو ِﻢْﻬَﺠﻟا
ﺎﱠﻣأو ، ﻪﻟ َلﺎﻣ ﻻ ٌكﻮُﻠْﻌُﺼَﻓ ، ُﺔﻳِوﺎَﻌُﻣ ﺎﱠﻣأ
ِﻪِﻘِﺗﺎﻋ ْﻦﻋ ﺎﺼَﻌﻟا ُﻊَﻀﻳ ﻼﻓ ِﻢْﻬَﺠﻟا
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ٍﻢﻠﺴﻤﻟ ٍﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ِءﺎﺴﱢﻨﻠﻟ ُباﱠﺮَﻀﻓ ِﻢْﻬَﺠﻟا ﻮُﺑأ ﺎﱠﻣأو
ﺔﻳاوﺮﻟ ﺮﻴﺴﻔﺗ ﻮهو
ِﻪِﻘِﺗﺎﻋ ْﻦَﻋ ﺎﺼَﻌﻟا ُﻊَﻀَﻳ ﻻ
ﻞﻴﻗو :
ﻩﺎﻨﻌﻣ :
ِرﺎﻔﺳﻷا ُﺮﻴﺜآ
Fatimah bint Qais (May Allah be pleased with her) said: I came to the Prophet (PBUH) and said to him:
"Muawiyah and Abul-Jahm sent me a proposal of marriage.'' The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
Muawiyah is
destitute and he has no property, and Abul-Jahm is very hard on women
[Bukhari and Muslim].
We learn from this Hadith that it is permissible to mention the true facts, virtues and vices without
equivocation, about the parties who intend to enter into wedlock provided one does it for their welfare.
لﺎﻗ ُﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﻢَﻗْرأ ِﻦﺑ ﺪْﻳز ﻦﻋو
بﺎﺻأ ٍﺮَﻔﺳ ﻲﻓ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱢﻠﻟا ِلﻮﺳر ﻊﻣ ﺎَﻨْﺟﺮَﺧ
ﻲﺑأ ُﻦﺑ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﺪﺒﻋ لﺎﻘﻓ ، ٌةﺪِﺷ ِﻪﻴﻓ سﺎﱠﻨﻟا
لﺎﻗو اﻮﱡﻀَﻔْﻨﻳ ﻰﺘﺣ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِلﻮُﺳر ﺪْﻨِﻋ ْﻦﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ اﻮُﻘِﻔْﻨُﺗ ﻻ
ﺎَﻨْﻌﺟر ْﻦِﺌَﻟ
َﻨﻳِﺪﻤﻟا ﻰﻟإ
ﻟإ َﻞﺳرﺄﻓ ، َﻚﻟﺬِﺑ ُﻪُﺗْﺮﺒْﺧَﺄَﻓ ،ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ُﺖْﻴَﺗَﺄَﻓ ، ﱠلَذﻷا ﺎﻬْﻨِﻣ ﱡﺰﻋﻷا ﱠﻦﺟِﺮﺨُﻴﻟ ِﺔ
ُﻪَﻨﻴِﻤﻳ ﺪَﻬَﺘْﺟﺎَﻓ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﺑ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﺪﺒﻋ
اﻮﻟﺎﻘﻓ ، ﻞَﻌَﻓ ﺎﻣ
ﻲﻓ ﻊَﻗﻮَﻓ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ٌﺪﻳز بَﺬَآ
ﻲﻘﻳِﺪْﺼَﺗ ﻰﻟﺎﻌﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لَﺰْﻧأ ﻰﺘﺣ ٌةﱠﺪِﺷ ُﻩﻮﻟﺎﻗ ﺎﱠﻤِﻣ ﻲِﺴ
نﻮُﻘِﻓﺎَﻨُﻤﻟا كَءﺎﺟ اذإ
ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﻢهﺎﻋد ﻢﺛ
ْﻢُﻬَﺳوُؤُر اْوﱠﻮَﻠﻓ ﻢﻬﻟ َﺮِﻔْﻐﺘْﺴَﻴِﻟ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Zaid bin Al-Arqam (May Allah be pleased with him) said: We set out on a journey along with the Messenger
of Allah (PBUH) and we faced many hardships. `Abdullah bin Ubaiy (the chief of the hypocrites at Al-Madinah)
said to his friends: "Do not spend on those who are with the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) until they desert him.'' He
also said: "If we return to Al-Madinah, the more honourable (meaning himself, i.e., Abdullah bin Ubaiy) will drive
out therefrom the meaner (meaning Messenger of Allah (PBUH)).'' I went to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and
informed him about that and he sent someone to `Abdullah bin Ubaiy. He asked him whether he had said that or not.
Abdullah took an oath that he had not done anything of that sort and said that it was Zaid who carried a false tale to
the Messenger of Allah (PBUH). Zaid said: I was so much perturbed because of this until this Verse was revealed
verifying my statement:
When the hypocrites come to you (O Muhammad (PBUH)), they say
: `
We bear witness that you are indeed the
Messenger of Allah.' Allah knows that you are indeed His Messenger, and Allah bears witness that the hypocrites
are liars indeed
.'' (63:1) Then the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) called the hypocrites in order to seek forgiveness for
them from Allah, but they turned away their heads.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
`Abdullah bin Ubaiy was the chief of the hypocrites at Al-Madinah. In the journey mentioned in this
Hadith, which was undertaken in connection with the war with Banu Al-Mustaliq, he had used improper words
against the Prophet (PBUH) and Muslims, which were overheard by Zaid bin Al-Arqam (May Allah be pleased with
him). The latter informed the Prophet (PBUH) about this occurrence. This incident goes to prove that exposing the
designs and conspiracies of hypocrites does not form backbiting. In fact, it is essential to keep people informed
about them in the interest of Islam and Muslims.
ْﺖﻟﺎﻗ ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ ْﻦﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻲﺒﻨﻠﻟ َنﺎﻴْﻔُﺳ ﻲﺑأ ُةَأﺮْﻣا ُﺪْﻨِه ﺖﻟﺎﻗ
ﺎﺑأ ﱠنإ
لﺎﻗ ؟ ُﻢَﻠْﻌﻳ ﻻ ﻮَهو ، ﻪﻨِﻣ ُتْﺬَﺧأ ﺎﻣ ﱠﻻإ يِﺪَﻟوو ﻲﻨﻴِﻔْﻜَﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻲﻨﻴِﻄْﻌُﻳ ﺲْﻴَﻟو ُﺢﻴِﺤَﺷ ٌﻞُﺟر َنﺎﻴﻔُﺳ
ﺎﻣ يِﺬُﺧ
َﺪَﻟَوو ِﻚﻴِﻔْﻜﻳ
ِفوُﺮْﻌﻤﻟﺎﺑ ِك
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) said: Hind, the wife of Abu Sufyan, said to the Prophet (PBUH):
Abu Sufyan is a niggardly man and does not give me and my children adequate provisions for maintenance unless I
take something from his possession without his knowledge. The Prophet (PBUH) said to her, "
Take from his
possessions on a reasonable basis that much which may suffice for you and your children.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Hind was the mother of Mu`awiyah (May Allah be pleased with him). Along with her husband, Abu
Sufyan, she embraced Islam in the year of conquest of Makkah.
We learn from this Hadith that:
1. In order to know religious injunctions, husband and wife can mention each other's shortcomings before a Mufti (
religious scholar who is in a position to issue verdicts on religious matters