Page 9 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 2
Scholars said: It is necessary to repent from every sin. If the offense involves the Right of Allah, not a human, then
there are three condition to be met in order that repentance be accepted by Allah:
1- To desist from committing it.
2- To feel sorry for committing it.
3- To decide not to recommit it.
Any repentance failing to meet any of these three conditions, would not be sound.
But if the sin involves a human's right, it requires a fourth condition, i.e., to absolve onself from such right. If it is a
property, he should return it to its rightful owner. If it is slandering or backbiting, one should ask the pardon of the
One should also repent from all sins. If he repents from some, his repentance would still be sound according to the
people of sound knowledge. He should, however, repent from the rest. Scriptural proofs from the Book and the
Sunnah and the consensus of the scholars support the incumbency of repentance.
Allah, the, Exalted says:
"And all of you beg Allah to forgive you, O believers, that you may be successful".
"Seek the forgiveness of your Rubb, and turn to Him in repentance".
"O you who believe! Turn to Allah with sincere repentance!".
ﻨﻋ ﷲا ﻲﺿر َةَﺮْﻳَﺮُه ﻲﺑأ ْﻦَﻋو
لﺎﻗ ﻪ :
ُلﻮُﻘَﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﷲا لﻮﺳر ُﺖﻌِﻤﺳ
ﻲﱢﻧِإ ﻪﱠﻠﻟاو
ًةﱠﺮﻣ ﻦﻴِﻌْﺒَﺳ ْﻦِﻣ ﺮﺜآَأ ، ِمْﻮَﻴﻟا ﻲﻓ ، ﻪْﻴﻟِإ ُبﻮُﺗَأَو ، ﷲا ُﺮﻔْﻐَﺘْﺳَﻷ
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying:
Allah, I seek Allah's forgiveness and repent to Him more than seventy times a day.''
1. It is an inducement for seeking pardon and forgiveness. The Prophet (PBUH), whose past and future sins were
forgiven, asked Allah's forigveness - then how about us, who commit sins on regular basis, not to seek pardon and
forgiveness from Allah?
2. Sincere and ceaseless prayer for pardon is essential so that sins committed by us unintentionally are also forgiven.
The above Hadith lays great emphasis on seeking pardon.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﷲا ﻲﺿر ﱢﻲِﻧﺰُﻤﻟا رﺎﺴَﻳ ﻦْﺑ ﱢﺮَﻏَﻷا ﻦﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﷲا لﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
سﺎﱠﻨﻟا ﺎﻬﱡﻳَأ ﺎﻳ
ةﱠﺮَﻣ ﺔﺋﺎﻣ ِمْﻮَﻴﻟا ﻲﻓ ُبﻮﺗَأ ﻲﻧِﺈﻓ ُﻩوُﺮﻔْﻐﺘْﺳاو ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻰﻟِإ اﻮُﺑﻮُﺗ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاو
Al-Agharr bin Yasar Al-Muzani (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that: The Messenger of Allah
(PBUH) said:
"Turn you people in repentance to Allah and beg pardon of Him. I turn to Him in repentance a
hundred times a day".
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﷲا ﻲﺿر ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﷲا لﻮﺳر ِمِدﺎَﺧ ﱢيِرﺎَﺼْﻧَﻷا ٍﻚِﻟﺎَﻣ ﻦﺑ ﺲَﻧَأ َةَﺰْﻤَﺣ ﻲﺑأ ْﻦﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﷲا لﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
ضرَأ ﻲﻓ ُﻪﱠﻠﺿَأ ﺪﻗو ِﻩِﺮﻴِﻌﺑ ﻰَﻠَﻋ َﻂﻘﺳ ْﻢُآِﺪَﺣَأ ْﻦِﻣ ِﻩِﺪْﺒَﻋ ِﺔﺑﻮْﺘﺑ ُحﺮْﻓَأ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ٍﻢﻠْﺴُﻤﻟ ﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
، ٍةﻼﻓ ٍ
ضْرَﺄِﺑ ِﻪِﺘَﻠِﺣار ﻰَﻠَﻋ نﺎآ ْﻢُآِﺪَﺣَأ ْﻦِﻣ ِﻪﻴْﻟِإ ُبﻮُﺘﻳ ﻦﻴِﺣ ِﻩِﺪْﺒَﻋ ِﺔﺑْﻮَﺘِﺑ ًﺎﺣﺮﻓ ﱡﺪﺷَأ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟ
َﻬﱢﻠِﻇ ﻲﻓ َﻊَﺠَﻄْﺿﺎﻓ ًةﺮَﺠَﺷ ﻰَﺗَﺄﻓ ، ﺎَﻬْﻨِﻣ َﺲِﻳَﺄﻓ ُﻪُﺑاَﺮﺷو ُﻪُﻣﺎﻌﻃ ﺎﻬْﻴَﻠﻋو ُﻪْﻨِﻣ ْﺖﺘﻠﻔْﻧﺎﻓ
، ِﻪِﺘﻠِﺣاَر ْﻦِﻣ َﺲِﻳَأ ﺪﻗو ، ﺎ
ِحﺮَﻔﻟا ِةﱠﺪِﺷ ْﻦِﻣ َلﺎَﻗ ﱠﻢُﺛ ﺎَﻬِﻣﺎﻄﺨِﺑ ﺬﺧَﺄَﻓ ، ُﻩَﺪْﻨِﻋ ﺔﻤِﺋﺎَﻗ ﺎﻬِﺑ َﻮُه ْذِإ َﻚِﻟَﺬَآ َﻮه ﺎﻤﻨْﻴَﺒَﻓ
،َﻚﱡﺑر ﺎﻧَأو يِﺪْﺒﻋ ﺖﻧَأ ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا
حﺮﻔﻟا ِةﱠﺪِﺷ ْﻦِﻣ َﺄَﻄْﺧَأ
Anas bin Malik Al-Ansari (MayAllah be pleased with him) the servant of the Messenger of Allah narrated:
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Verily, Allah is more delighted with the repentance of His slave than a person
who lost his camel in a desert land and then finds it (unexpectedly)"
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
In another version of Muslim, he said:
"Verily, Allah is more pleased with the repentance of His slave than a person
who has his camel in a waterless desert carrying his provision of food and drink and it is lost. He, having lost all
hopes (to get that back), lies down in shade and is disappointed about his camel; when all of a sudden he finds that