Page 197 - Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum

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His genius was clearly shown in these two battles when the Muslims were defeated; for he stoodfast
facing the enemy and managed, by his super wisdom, to thwart the enemy’s aim as was the case in
Uhud. Similarly he managed to change the Muslims’ defeat in Hunain into a victory.
Nothwithstanding the fact that serious grave developments in military operations usually leave the
worst impression on the military leaders and entice them to flee for their lives.
We have, so far, discussed the mere aspects of military leadership of the invasions. On the other
hand, through these invasions he was able to impose security, institute peace, diffuse dissension
and destroy the military might of the enemies through relentless struggle between Islam and
The Prophet had also profound insight and could differentiate the faithful from the hypocrites and
Great was the group of military leaders who fought and excelled the Persians and the Byzantines in
the battlefields of Ash-Sham and Iraq with respect to war strategy and leading the fight procedures.
The very leaders, who succeeded Muhammad (Peace be upon him) , managed to drive off the
enemies of Islam, from their lands and countries, their gardens and springs, and their farms. They
drove them off their honourable residence and from the grace and provisions they owned and
enjoyed. Those Muslim leaders were all Muhammad’s men. They were imbued with the spirit of
Islam at the hand of the Prophet (Peace be upon him).
Thanks to these battles, the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) managed accommodation,
secured land and provided chances of work for all Muslims. He, even, made a lot of inquiries about
the refugee problems who (then) had no houses or fortunes. He equipped the army with weapons,
horses and expenditures. He had all that realized without exercising a particle weight of injustice.
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) has altered the standards and aims o f pre-Islamic wars. Their war
was no more than robbing, killing, plundering, tyranny and aggression-oriented wars. Those wars
focused on winning victory, oppressing the weakling and demolishing their houses and
constructions. For them, war was a means by w hich they can rape or unveil women, practise cruelty
against the weakling, the babies and small children, spoil tillage and race, and spread corruption on
the earth. Islamic wars are different from pre-Islamic wars. A “war” in Islam is a
That is to
say it is a noble sacred fight in the way of Allâh for the verification of a Muslim society that seeks to
free man from oppression, tyranny and aggression. It is a society that everyone everywhere and at
all times should be proud of.Pre-Islamic thoughts and traditions of
period have been
turned upside down by Islam. These were so hard upon the weakling that they had to invoke Allâh
to enable them to get away from that pre-Islamic environment by saying:
“Our Lord, rescue us from this town whose people are oppressors, and raise for us from
You one who will protect, and raise for us from You one who will help.”
The war of corruption, slaying and robbing that used to prevail has now turned into a sacred one,
. One of the greatest aims of
is to free man from the aggression, the oppression
and the tyranny of men of power. A man of power, in Islam, is a weakling till after the right of the
poor is taken from him. War, in Islam, is a
for the purification of the land of Allâh from dece,
treachery, sinful deeds and aggression. It is a sacred war that aims at spreading security, safety,
mercy and compassion as well as observing the rights and magnanimity. The Messenger of Allâh
(Peace be upon him) had issued honourable strict rules about war and bade his soldiers and leaders
to comply with them. They were forbidden to break those rules under any circumstances. In
reference to Sulaiman bin Buraidah’s version, who said that his father had told him that whenever
the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) appointed a leader on an army or on a battalion, he
used to recommend him to fear Allâh, the Great and All-Mighty, when dealing with those who were
closest to him and to be good with all Muslims. Then the Prophet (Peace be upon him) would say to
“Let your invasion be in the Name of Allâh and for His sake. Fight those who disbelieve in
Allâh. Invade but do not exaggerate nor commit treachery. Never deform the corpse of a
dead person or kill an infant child.”
The Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) asked people to facilitate but he forbade them to bear
down hard on others or constrain. “Pacify”, he said, “and do not disincline”. When it happened that
he arrived at the battlefield by night, he would never invade the enemy till it was morning. He
utterly forbade burning (i.e. torturing people) in fire, killing children and women or even beating
them. He also forbade theft and robbery and proceeded so far as to say gains acquired through
plundering are not less forbidden than the flesh of a corpse. Corruption of tillage and race and
cutting down of trees were all forbidden unless they were badly needed and there was no other
“Do not kill a wounded person nor run after a fleeing one or kill a captive.”
He decreed that envoys cannot be killed. He also stressed on not killing those who made covenants.
He even said:
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