The Islamic Bulletin
The Islamic Bulletin
Embracement of Islam
When The Almighty chose Muhammad (S.A.W.) as His Prophet
and he proclaimed Islam, Abu Lahab called his sons and said to
them: Should you not forsake Muhammad’s daughters, I would
never come near you. Both the sons obeyed their father and the
Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) married Hadrat Rukaya (R.A.) to Hadrat
Hadrat ‘Uthman (R.A.A.) migrated to Syria in the 5th year of Apostle-
hood. When she returned, the people of Mecca were thirsty for their
blood more than ever. So she had to migrate for the second time.
The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) could not know their whereabouts for
long. In the meantime, a woman informed him that she had seen
both of them. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) prayed for them and
said: After Ibrahim (Abraham) and Lot, Hadrat ‘Uthman is the first
to migrate with his wife.
This time she stayed in Abyssinia for a long time. When she knew
that the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) was going to migrate to Medina, a
few men including Hadrat ‘Uthman and Hadrat Rukaya came to
Mecca and migrated to Medina with the permission from the Holy
Prophet (S.A.W.). They stayed in Hadrat Hasan’s brother, Aus bin
In the 2nd Hijra, the year in which the battle of Badr was fought,
painful boils covered her body. When the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.)
set out for fighting, he left Hadrat ‘Uthman to look after her. On
conveyed the glad tidings of victory, Hadrat Rukaya died.
The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.), being busy in fighting, could not par-
ticipate in her Janaza (burial). Hadrat ‘Umar stood up for flogging,
but the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) held his hand and said: ‘There is no
harm in weeping, but raising much hue and cry and wailing loudly
is strictly prohibited, being the doings of Satan.’
The chief of the women, Hadrat Fatima was also present and con-
tinued weeping beside the grave. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) wiped
her tears with the border of a cloth.
During her stay in Abyssinia, a son was born to her whose name
was ‘Abdullah. Hadrat ‘Uthman’s Kunhya, Abu Abdullah was after
his name. He lived for six years. Once a cock pecked at his face
due to which he died. This event occurred in Jamadi Al-Awwal, the
4th Hijra. There was no issue to her, after the birth of ‘Abdullah.
Sheth (pbuh) was the third son of the Prophet Adam (pbuh). When
Prophet Sheth (pbuh) was born, his father, the Prophet Adam (pbuh),
had attained the age of 130 years. The Almighty conferred upon
him the honor of Prophethood after Adam (pbuh).
It is said that The Almighty revealed to him fifty small portions of
the Scripture. When Prophet Adam (pbuh) was on death bed, he
appointed Sheth (pbuh) as his successor and advised his descendants
to follow him and live peacefully in perfect harmony. He tried to
guide his followers on the right path, but some of themwere strayed
by the Satan. They began to worship Satan’s self-made portrait.
Prophet Sheth (pbuh) passed away at the age of 912 years. Anush,
his son, won a remarkable position after him. In the fourth century
there existed in Egypt a sect of gnostic, calling themselves Sethians.
They regarded Sheth as a divine emanation.
As a result of the efforts of the Prophet Sheth (pbuh) some people
began to believe in The Almighty. As the time passed by, they shifted
their attention towards the worshiping the statue of their prophet.
They became polytheists, religious- and faithless. They adopted
indecent ways of life. Under such circumstances, The Almighty
sent the Prophet Idris (pbuh) for the reformation and guidance
of those who had gone astray. The Holy Qur’an mentions him in
the following verse:
“Commemorate Idris in the Book, verily he
was a man of truth and a Prophet and We raised him to a lofty
station.” (Qur’an 19:56)
Preaching and Opposition
The Prophet Idris (pbuh) preached monotheism. He directed his
people to abandon idol-worship. He emphasized them not to be
captivated by the love for wealth and property. He advised them
to abstain from drinking wine and other intoxicants. Only a few
men paid heed to his teachings but the majority of the people
opposed him bitterly. Prophet Idris (pbuh) did not lose heart and
continued preaching with unshakable constancy. He is appreciated
for his firm faith and forbearance in the following verses of the Holy
”All (Isma’il, Zhul-Kill and Idris) were men of constancy
and patience. We admitted them into Our Mercy, for they were
of the righteous ones.” (Qur’an 21:85-86)
Migration to Egypt
Inspire of the untiring efforts the Prophet Idris (pbuh) could not
attain considerable success and felt disgusted with the indifferent
attitude of the public. He was directed to migrate to Egypt and settle
on the banks of the river Nile.
He preached the religion of The Almighty among the various tribes
and admonished them to be good and civilized. Consequently, he
brought a remarkable change in the moral and social life of the
Some sayings of the Prophet Idris (pbuh):
Do not feel jealous of the prosperity of others.
He who has unlimited desires is deprived of the wealth of con-
One should be sincere in the acts of devotion.
It is an act of grave sin to take false oaths.
Patience is a key to victory.
He who controls his passions is fortunate. Only a good act will be
a living intercessor before The Almighty on the Day of Judgment.
One who is desirous of attaining perfection in knowledge; should
have no concern with immoral acts.
The Learned Prophet
Prophet Idris (pbuh) was born 100 years after the death of the
Prophet Adam (pbuh). He was the first man who learnt to write.
It is said that thirty portions of The Almighty’s Sacred Scriptures
were revealed to him. He was the inventor of the science of the
Astronomy and the Arithmetic.
Prophet Idris (pbuh) passed away at the age of 365 years. Mutwaslah
was one of his distinguished sons who made his mark.
These verses of the Quran draw man’s attention to his own self and
invite him carefully and seriously to study his body and soul and
the nature and their mutual relationship.
“Surely, he will find in it strong evidence of the existence of God,
and that God has not created him and other things of this world
without any purpose.” (Quran 3:191)
It is therefore necessary to keep
the physical body very healthy so that other things (i.e. spirit and soul)
may also remain healthy and so help him in the service of both, his ma-
terial and spiritual attainment. Diet has therefore played an important
role in Islamic medicine. Islam has prohibited certain foods because
of their ill effects and allowed all other pure, good and clean things.
“O Muhammad! Ask them who has forbidden the decent and
clean things that God has produced for His servants and (who
has forbidden) the good and pure things of life granted by Him.
Say; All these things are for the believers in this world but on the
Day of Resurrection, these shall be exclusively for them. Thus do
We explain the Signs in detail for those who know.” (Quran 7:32)
And in Surah Al-Baqara, we read,
“O Believers! Eat of the good and pure things that We have pro-
vided for you and be grateful to God, if you are true worshippers
of God.” (Quran 2:172)
Then people in general are advised to eat good and pure things
and not to indulge in impure, bad and harmful things, following
their open enemy, the Devil.
“O People! Eat of what is lawful and good on earth and do not follow
the footstepsof theEvilOne, forhe isyouropenenemy.” (Quran2:168)
It may here be pointed out that the word ‘pure’ has been qualified
with the word ‘lawful’ so that impure things may not be made
lawful merely because they have not been included in the list of
prohibitions. As regards the criterion for judging whether a thing
is pure or not, it should be noticed that all those things are pure
which are not unclean according to any principle of Islamic Law, or
which are not offensive to good taste or have not universally been
regarded as repugnant by cultured people.
After stating this general principle with regard to permissible foods, the
Qur’an specifies the prohibited foods in these words,
“He has only
forbidden you dead meat and blood and swine flesh, and that (food)
overwhich thenameof other thanGodhasbeen invoked; but if one is
forcedbynecessity,withoutwillful disobediencenor transgressingdue
limit, then truly God is Forgiving, Merciful.’ (Quran 16:115 & 2:173)
These four things are absolutely forbidden in Islamfor reasons best known
to God. However, research in these things has shown that some of them
are injurious to human health (as dead meat; blood and swine flesh) and
some are harmful tomoral health as well (as flesh of swine) and still others
to spiritual health (as food over which the name of any other than God
has been invoked). This list of prohibited foods also includes the following,
“That which has been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow,, or by a
headlong fall, or by being gored to death; that which has been (partly)
eatenby awildanimal; unless youareable to slaughter it (indue form);
that which is sacrificed on stone (altars); and (forbidden) also is the
division (of meat) by raffling with arrows. This is impiety.” (Quran 5:4)
Alcohol is also prohibited because its harmfulness is greater than
its benefits. (Quran 2:219)
“O you who believe! Intoxicants and gambling, idols, and raffles,
are only a filthy work of Satan; turn aside from them so that you
may prosper. Satan only wants to stir up enmity and jealously
among you by means of intoxicants and gambling, and to hinder
you from remembering God, and from praying. So will you not
then abstain?” (Quran 5:90-91)
The physical, moral, social and spiritual evils of intoxicants and
gambling are clearly referred to in the above verse of the Qur’an.
From Salman (raa): The Almighty’s Messenger (pbuh) said: “The
blessing of food is (received by) washing (the hands) before and
washing (the hands) after (taking) it.” (Tirmidhi)
Aisha (ra) said that The Almighty’s Messenger (pbuh) said: “When
anyone of you eats, he should invoke the name of Almighty, The
Exalted. If he forgets to invoke the name of The Almighty, at the
beginning, he should say (when he does remember): “In the name
of The Almighty, in its beginning and its and end.” (Abu Dawud,
Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (raa) said that The Almighty’s Messenger
(pbuh), when he finished his meal, used to say: “Praise be to The
Almighty, who gave us to eat and to drink and made us Muslims.”
(Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi)
Umar Abu bin Salama (raa) said: “I was under the care of The Al-
mighty’s Messenger (pbuh) and my hand used to pick at random
in the dish, so The Almighty’s Messenger said to me: ‘Invoke the
name of The Almighty and eat with your right (hand) and eat what
is near you.’” (Bukhari, Muslim)
From Abu Huraira (raa): “The Almighty’s Messenger (pbuh) never
found fault with food. If he liked something, he ate it, but if he
disliked it, he (just) abstained from it. (Bukhari, Muslim)
From ba Ka’b bin Malik, from his father: “The Almighty’s Messenger
(pbuh) used to eat with three fingers, and he licked his hand before
he wiped it.” (Muslim)
From Anas (raa): “When The Almighty’s Messenger (pbuh) ate
food, he used to lick his three fingers and he said: ‘When one of
you drops a morsel, he should remove the dirt from it and eat it,
and should not leave it for the Satan.’ And he ordered us to wipe
the bowl. He said: ‘You do not know in which (part) of your food
is the ‘Baraka’ (Blessing).” (Muslim)
From Ali Abbas (raa): “I heard The Almighty’s Messenger (pbuh)
say, ‘The believer is not he who eats his fill while his neighbor is
hungry.’” (Bukhari, Muslim)
From Abu Huraira (raa): “The Almighty’s Messenger (pbuh) said:
‘Food for two is sufficient for three, and the food for three is suffi-
cient for four.’” (Bukhari, Muslim)
From Umar (raa): The Almighty’s Messenger (pbuh) said: “Eat
together, and do not separate, for the blessing is in the company.”
From Ja’far bin Muhammed, from his father: Abu Karima al-Mikdad
arma Ma’dikarib (raa) said that he heard The Almighty’s Messenger
(pbuh) say: “No man fills a vessel which is worse than his stomach.
Sufficient for the son of Adam are a few mouthfuls to keep his back
upright, but if it has to be more, then let one third (be left) for his
Hazrat Zaid bin Sabit (R.A.A.) says, “Once we ate ‘Sahri (breakfast
before dawn during Ramadhan) with the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.)
and then stood up for the morning salat. He was asked as to what
was the interval between the two. He said: ‘The time required
for the recital of fifty verses (Of the Holy Quran). (Bukhari and
Hazrat alad ‘Umar (R.A.A.) relates that the Holy Prophet
(S.A.W.) had two Muezzins (Callers for prayers). One was Hazrat
Bilal (R.A.A.) and the other was Hazrat ar Ume Maktum (R.A.A.)
The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) said: ‘Bilal (R.A.A.) calls the Azan
(a bit earlier) when it is still night. Therefore, continue eating
and drinking till Ibn Umm Maktum (R.A.A.) calls it.’ He said
there was in fact only a brief interval between the two when
one descended and the other ascended (the high platform).
(Bukhari and Muslim)