Page 386 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 138
Greeting the non-Muslims and Prohibition of taking an Initiative
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لﺎѧ ﻗ ﻢﻠѧﺳو ﻪѧ ﻴﻠﻋ ﷲا ﻰﻠѧﺻ ﷲا لﻮѧﺳر نأ ﻪѧ ﻨﻋ ﷲا ﻲѧﺿر ةﺮѧ ﻳﺮه ﻲѧ ﺑأ ﻦѧﻋ
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ﻻو دﻮѧﻬﻴﻟا اوءﺪѧ ﺒﺗ ﻻ
ﻪﻘﻴﺿأ ﻰﻟإ ﻩوﺮﻄﺿﺎﻓ ﻖﻳﺮﻃ ﻲﻓ ﻢهﺪﺣأ ﻢﺘﻴﻘﻟ اذﺈﻓ ،مﻼﺴﻟﺎﺑ ىرﺎﺼﻨﻟا
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Do not greet
the Jews and the Christians before they greet you; and when you meet any one of them on the road, force him to go
to the narrowest part of it.''
This Hadith prohibits Muslims from greeting non-Muslims first. It also tells us that when the road is
crowded, we should use the middle of the road and let the non-Muslims use its sides. This Hadith shows the dignity
of Muslims and the disgrace and humiliation of the non-Muslims.
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"When the people of the
Book greet you (i.e., by saying `As-Samu `Alaikum,' meaning death be upon you), you should respond with: `Wa
`alaikum' [The same on you (i.e., and death will be upon you, for no one will escape death)].''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
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ﻦѧѧﻣ طﻼѧѧﺧأ ﻪѧѧﻴﻓ ﺲѧѧﻠﺠﻣ ﻰѧѧﻠﻋ ﺮѧѧﻣ ﻢﻠѧѧﺳو ﻪѧѧﻴﻠﻋ ﷲا ﻰﻠѧѧﺻ ﷲا ﻲѧѧﺒﻨﻟا نأ ﻪѧѧﻨﻋ ﷲا ﻲѧѧﺿر ﺔﻣﺎѧѧﺳأ ﻦѧѧﻋو
ﻦﻴآﺮﺸﻤﻟاو ﻦﻴﻤﻠﺴﻤﻟا
دﻮﻬﻴﻟاو نﺎﺛوﻷا ةﺪﺒﻋ
ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﷲا ﻰﻠﺻ ﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﻢﻬﻴﻠﻋ ﻢﻠﺴﻓ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Usamah bin Zaid (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
The Prophet (PBUH) passed by a mixed company
of people which included Muslims, polytheists and Jews, and he gave them the greeting (i.e., saying As-Salamu
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
If there is a mixed assembly of Muslims and non-Muslims, one should utter greeting to it but
consider Muslims as one's addressees.