Page 585 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Abu Qatadah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
He who likes
Allah to deliver him from the calamities of the Day of Resurrection, let him either give respite to a debtor or grant
him remission (of loans) in straitened circumstances
One meaning of the word "
'' is to defer demanding payment of the amount from the one
who may be in straitened circumstances, until such a time when he has sufficient means to pay his debts. Another
meaning is to relieve the debtor of the trouble he is in by giving him some money so that he can settle his debt with
it. Such sympathetic attitude will save that person from the tensions of the Day of Judgement when everyone will be
tense with worries and anxieties.
َلﺎَﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮُﺳَر ﱠنأ ، ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، َةﺮﻳﺮُه ﻲﺑأ ْﻦﻋو
ُﻦِﻳاﺪُﻳ ٌﻞﺟر َنﺎَآ
ُلﻮُﻘَﻳ نﺎَآَو ، َسﺎﱠﻨﻟا
ُﻪْﻨﻋ َزَوﺎﺠَﺘَﻓ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲِﻘﻠَﻓ ﺎﱠﻨﻋ َزوﺎﺠﺘَﻳ ْنأ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱠﻞﻌَﻟ ، ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ْزوﺎﺠَﺘَﻓ ًاﺮِﺴْﻌُﻣ َﺖْﻴَﺗَأ اذإ
ِﻪﻴﻠَﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
There was a
person who used to loan money to the people and he used to say to his servant: `When an insolvent person comes to
you, show him leniency so that Allah may forbear our faults.' So when he met Allah (i.e., when he died), Allah
forgave him
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Show him leniency
'' implies three things in the present context - polite dealing, extension in the
period of payment and remittance of debt. All these qualities are desirable and praiseworthy in Shari`ah. The
incident reported in this Hadith relates to some person of a community of the ancient times, but it is such an
illustrious example that it was liked by the Prophet (PBUH) because he recommended it to his followers through his
advice and practice. This action is certainly a means of winning the Pleasure of Allah as well.
لﺎَﻗ ، ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، ﱢيِرْﺪﺒﻟا ٍدﻮُﻌْﺴﻣ ﻲﺑأ ْﻦَﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳَر َلﺎَﻗ
» ﺐﺳﻮُﺣ
ًاﺮِﺳﻮُﻣ َنﺎَآَو ، سﺎﱠﻨﻟا ُﻂِﻟﺎَﺨَُﻳ نﺎَآ ُﻪﱠﻧَأ ﱠﻻإ ، ٌءﱠﻲَﺷ ِﺮْﻴَﺨﻟا َﻦِﻣ ُﻪَﻟ ْﺪﺟﻮُﻳ ْﻢَﻠَﻓ ﻢﻜﻠﺒﻗ َنﺎَآ ْﻦﱠﻤِﻣ ٌﻞُﺟَر
ﺎَآَو ،
ُﺮُﻣْﺄﻳ َن
ﺮِﺴْﻌُﻤﻟا ﻦﻋ اوُزَوﺎَﺠَﺘَﻳ نأ ﻪَﻧﺎَﻤْﻠِﻏ
ﱠﻞَﺟو ﱠﺰﻋ ، ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﺎﻗ
: »
ُﻪْﻨَﻋ اوُزَوﺎﺠَﺗ ، ُﻪْﻨِﻣ َﻚﻟَﺬِﺑ ﱡﻖﺣأ ُﻦْﺤَﻧ
ٌﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Abu Mas`ud Al-Badri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
person from amongst the people who lived before you was called to account by Allah on the Day of Resurrection.
No good deeds were found in his credit except that he being a rich man had (financial) dealings with people and had
commanded his servants to show leniency to those who were in straitened circumstances. Upon this Allah, the
Exalted, and Majestic said: `I am more entitled to this attribute, so waive (his faults)
Was called to account by Allah on the Day of Resurrection
'' is in the nature of a news of the Day of
Judgement which was revealed to the Prophet (PBUH) and which he quoted as an illustration. What it signifies is
that on the Day of Resurrection, Almighty Allah will deal with such people generously and forgive their sins
because forgiveness depends on the quality of actions done by a person in this world.
َلﺎَﻗ ، ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، َﺔَﻔْﻳَﺬُﺣ ْﻦﻋو
ُﻪَﻟ َلﺎَﻘَﻓ ، ًﻻﺎَﻣ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﻩﺎﺗﺁ ِﻩِدﺎَﺒِﻋ ﻦﻣ ﺪْﺒَﻌِﺑ ﻰﻟﺎﻌَﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻰِﺗُأ
؟ ﺎَﻴْﻧﱡﺪﻟا ﻲﻓ َﺖْﻠِﻤﻋ
َلﺎَﻗ : -
ًﺎﺜﻳﺪﺣ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َنﻮُﻤُﺘْﻜَﻳ ﻻَو
- لﺎَﻗ :
ﱠﻨﻟا ُﻊِﻳﺎﺑُأ ُﺖْﻨُﻜَﻓ َﻚَﻟﺎﻣ ﻲِﻨَﺘْﻴَﺗﺁ ﱢبرﺎَﻳ
ْﻦِﻣ َنﺎآَو ، َسﺎ
ﺮِﺴْﻌُﻤﻟا ُﺮِﻈْﻧُأو ،ِﺮِﺳﻮُﻤﻟا ﻰﻠَﻋ ُﺮﺴَﻴَﺗَأ ُﺖْﻨُﻜﻓ ، ُزاﻮﺠﻟا ﻲﻘُﻠُﺧ
ﻰﻟﺎَﻌَﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﺎَﻘَﻓ
اوُزوﺎﺠﺗ ، َﻚْﻨِﻣ اﺬﺑ ﱡﻖﺣَأ ﺎَﻧَأ
يِﺪْﺒﻋ ْﻦَﻋ
ﺎﻤُﻬْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر ، ﱡيرﺎﺼﻧﻷا ٍدﻮُﻌْﺴَﻣ ﻮﺑَأو ، ٍﺮﻣﺎﻋ ُﻦﺑ ُﺔَﺒْﻘُﻋ لﺎﻘﻓ
ِﻤَﺳ اﺬﻜه
ﻲﻓ ْﻦِﻣ ُﻩﺎَﻨْﻌ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِلﻮﺳَر
ٌﻢﻠﺴﻣ ُﻩاور
Hudhaifah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
A slave of
Allah whom He had endowed with wealth, will be brought before Him. Allah will ask him: `What did you do in the
world?' (They cannot conceal anything from Allah.) He will say: `O my Rubb, You endowed me with Your wealth;
I used to enter into transactions with people and it was my nature to be lenient to the insolvent ones. I used to give
respite to those who were in straitened circumstances.' Whereupon Allah will say: `I am more entitled than you to do
this. So forgive my slave
'.'' `Uqbah bin `Amir and Abu Mas`ud Al-Ansari (May Allah be pleased with them) said,
"Thus we heard it from the Messenger of Allah (PBUH).''