Page 622 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

Basic HTML Version

ُلﻮُﻘَﻳ َنﺎَآ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱠﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﱠنَأ ، ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿَر ٍدﻮُﻌْﺴﻣ ِﻦﺑا ﻦَﻋو
َﻚُﻟَﺄْﺳَأ ﻲِﻧِإ ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا
ﻰَﻨﻐﻟاو ، َفﺎَﻔﻌﻟاَو ، ﻰَﻘﱡﺘﻟاَو ، ىَﺪُﻬﻟا
ٌﻢِﻠْﺴُﻣ ُﻩاور
`Abdullah bin Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) used to supplicate:
Allahumma inni as'alukal-huda, wat-tuqa, wal-`afafa, wal-ghina (O Allah! I beseech You for guidance, piety,
chastity and contentment)
'' means guidance towards virtue which one needs at every step. The ability to do good
and steadfastness on the Right Path is also covered by the term guidance. To comply with the Orders of Allah and to
prevent oneself from what He has forbidden is Taqwa (
fear of Allah
), the importance of which needs no elaboration.
`Affaf is prevention from sins. It also means evasion from seeking help from others. Ghina means riches which
makes one independent of others so much so that all one's hopes are centered on Allah Alone. The prayer quoted in
this Hadith is very comprehensive indeed.
َلﺎﻗ ، ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿر ، َﻢَﻴْﺷَأ ِﻦﺑ ِقِرﺎﻃ ْﻦَﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱡﻲﺒﱠﻨﻟا ُﻪَﻤﱠﻠَﻋ َﻢَﻠْﺳَأ اذِإ ُﻞﺟﱠﺮﻟا َنﺎَآ
ِتﺎَﻤِﻠَﻜﻟا ِءﻻُﺆَﻬﺑ َﻮُﻋﺪَﻳ ْنَأ ُﻩَﺮَﻣَأ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، َةﻼﱠﺼﻟا
ﺎﻋو ، ﻲﻧِﺪْهاو ، ﻲﻨْﻤﺣْراَو ، ﻲﻟ ْﺮِﻔﻏا ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا
ﻲﻨﻗُزْراو ، ﻲﻨِﻓ
ٌﻢﻠﺴﻣ ُﻩاور
َلﺎَﻘَﻓ ، ٌﻞُﺟَر ُﻩﺎﺗَأَو ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱠﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا َﻊِﻤَﺳ ُﻪﱠﻧَأ ٍقرﺎﻃ ْﻦَﻋ ُﻪَﻟ ٍﺔَﻳاوِر ﻲﻓو
ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳَر ﺎﻳ
ُلﻮُﻗَأ َﻒْﻴآ
؟ ﻲﱢﺑَر ُلَﺄْﺳَأ َﻦﻴِﺣ
َلﺎَﻗ :»
ْﻞُﻗ :
ﻨْﻤَﺣْراَو ، ﻲﻟ ْﺮِﻔْﻏا ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا
َكﺎَﻴْﻧُد َﻚَﻟ ُﻊَﻤْﺠَﺗ ِءﻻُﺆَه ﱠنِﺈَﻓ ، ﻲﻨﻗُزْراَو ، ﻲﻨِﻓﺎَﻋَو ، ﻲ
Tariq bin Ashyam (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Whenever a man entered the fold of Islam, the
Prophet (PBUH) would show him how to perform Salat and then direct him to supplicate: "
Allahumm-aghfir li,
warhamni, wa-hdini, wa `afini, warzuqni (O Allah! Forgive me, have mercy on me, guide me, guard me against
harm and provide me with sustenance and salvation)
In another narration Tariq said: A man came to the Prophet (PBUH) and said to him: "O Messenger of Allah! What
shall I say if I want to pray to my Rubb?'' He (PBUH) said, "
Say: `Allahumma-ghfir li, warhamni, wa `afini,
warzuqni (O Allah! Forgive me, have mercy on me, protect me and provide me with sustenance).' Surely, this
supplication is better for you in this life and in the Hereafter
َلﺎَﻗ ، ﺎَﻤُﻬْﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ِ
صﺎﻌﻟا ﻦﺑ وﺮﻤﻋ ِﻦﺑ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﺪْﺒَﻋ ْﻦَﻋَو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪـﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳَر لﺎَﻗ
ﱢﺮَﺼُﻣ ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا
َﻚِﺘَﻋﺎَﻃ ﻰَﻠَﻋ ﺎَﻨَﺑﻮﻠُﻗ ْفﱢﺮﺻ ِبﻮُﻠُﻘﻟا َف
ٌﻢِﻠْﺴُﻣ ُﻩاَوَر
`Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`As (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH)
supplicated: "
Allahumma musarrifal-qulubi, sarrif qulubana `ala ta`atika (O Allah! Controller of the hearts, direct
our hearts to Your obedience)
This is a very important prayer because through it one seeks steadfastness in virtue. Everybody's
heart is always open to troubles, turmoil and ordeals and he is drifting from one situation to the other. If he is not
supported by Allah, he can deviate from the Right Path at any moment. For this reason, he has been required to pray
to Allah to save his heart from turning towards evils and keep it towards Allah, because it is He Alone Who is
Capable of controlling hearts.
َلﺎَﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﻦﻋ ، ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿَر َةﺮَﻳﺮُه ﻲﺑَأ ْﻦَﻋَو
ِﺪْﻬَﺟ ْﻦِﻣ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟﺎِﺑ اوُذﱠﻮَﻌَﺗ
ﺎﻤَﺷَو ، ِءﺎَﻀَﻘْﻟا ِءﻮُﺳَو ، ِءﺎَﻘﱠﺸﻟا ِكَرَدَو ، ِءﻼَﺒْﻟا
ِءاَﺪْﻋَﻷا ِﺔَﺗ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ٍﺔﻳاَوِر ﻲﻓو
ُنﺎَﻴْﻔُﺳ َلﺎﻗ
ﺎﻬﻨِﻣ ًةَﺪِﺣاَو ُتْدِز ﻲﱢﻧَأ ﱡﻚُﺷَأ
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "
Seek refuge in Allah
against the turmoils, attacks of misfortunes, and evil of judgement and joys of the enemies
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
The trouble of a trial which is unbearable for a person and from which he does not have the power to
rid himself is called (
juhd al-bala'
), translated here as `
'. Some people are of the opinion that it is
synonymous with poverty combined with abundant children. But Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar is of the view that it is only one
of the several kinds of "Troubles of a Trial.'' "Ash-Shaqa' is the opposite of good fortune, that is, to pray for
protection from misfortune. No Decision of Allah is wrong but some of His Decisions may be harmful for certain